Anaïs Nin

Anaïs Nin
George Leite and Anaïs Nin at daliel's bookstore in Berkeley, CA, 1946.jpg
Nin at a book reading with George Leite in Berkeley, California, 1946
BornAngela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell
(1903-02-21)February 21, 1903
Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
DiedJanuary 14, 1977(1977-01-14) (aged 73)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
NationalityCuban American
OrganizationInternational College, Los Angeles
Hugh Parker Guiler
(m. 1923; her death 1977)
Joaquín Nin
  • Rose Culmell
RelativesJoaquín Nin-Culmell (brother)
Anaïs Nin signature.svg

Angela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell (February 21, 1903 – January 14, 1977), known professionally as Anaïs Nin (n/),[1] was a French-American diarist, essayist, novelist, and writer of short stories and erotica. Born to Cuban parents in France, Nin was the daughter of composer Joaquín Nin and Rosa Culmell, a classically trained singer. Nin spent her early years in Spain and Cuba, about sixteen years in Paris (1924–1940), and the remaining half of her life in the United States, where she became an established author.

Beginning at age eleven, Nin wrote journals prolifically for six decades and even up until her death. Her journals, many of which were published during her lifetime, detail her private thoughts and personal relationships, as well as her sexually abusive and incestuous relationship with her father. Her journals also describe her marriage to Hugh Parker Guiler and bigamous marriage to Rupert Pole, in addition to her numerous affairs, including those with psychoanalyst Otto Rank and writer Henry Miller, both of whom profoundly influenced Nin and her writing.

In addition to her journals, Nin wrote several novels, critical studies, essays, short stories, and volumes of erotica. Much of her work, including the collections of erotica Delta of Venus and Little Birds, was published posthumously amid renewed critical interest in her life and work. Nin spent her later life in Los Angeles, California, where she died of cervical cancer in 1977.

Early life

Anaïs Nin was born in Neuilly, France, to Joaquín Nin, a Cuban pianist and composer of Catalan Spanish descent, and Rosa Culmell,[2] a classically trained Cuban singer of French and Danish descent.[3] Her father's grandfather had fled France during the Revolution, going first to Saint-Domingue, then New Orleans, and finally to Cuba where he helped build that country's first railway.[4]

Nin was raised a Roman Catholic[5] but left the Church at the age of 16.[6] She spent her childhood and early life in Europe. Her parents separated when she was two; her mother then moved Anaïs and her two brothers, Thorvald Nin and Joaquín Nin-Culmell, to Barcelona, and then to New York City, where she attended high school. Nin would drop out of high school in 1919 at age sixteen,[7] and according to her diaries, Volume One, 1931–1934, later began working as an artist's model. After being in the United States for several years, Nin had forgotten how to speak Spanish, but retained her French and became fluent in English.[8]

On March 3, 1923, in Havana, Cuba, Nin married her first husband, Hugh Parker Guiler (1898–1985), a banker and artist, later known as "Ian Hugo" when he became a maker of experimental films in the late 1940s. The couple moved to Paris the following year, where Guiler pursued his banking career and Nin began to pursue her interest in writing; in her diaries she also mentions having trained as a flamenco dancer in Paris in the mid-to-late 1920s with Francisco Miralles Arnau. Her first published work was a critical evaluation of D. H. Lawrence called D. H. Lawrence: An Unprofessional Study, which she wrote in sixteen days.[2]

Nin became profoundly interested in psychoanalysis and would study it extensively, first with René Allendy in 1932 and then with Otto Rank.[9] Both men eventually became her lovers, as she recounts in her Journal.[10] On her second visit to Rank, Nin reflects on her desire to be "re-born" as a woman and artist. Rank, she observes, helped her move back and forth between what she could verbalize in her journals and what remained unarticulated. She discovered the quality and depth of her feelings in the wordless transitions between what she could say and what she could not say. "As he talked, I thought of my difficulties with writing, my struggles to articulate feelings not easily expressed. Of my struggles to find a language for intuition, feeling, instincts which are, in themselves, elusive, subtle, and wordless."[11]

In the late summer of 1939, when residents from overseas were urged to leave France due to the approaching war, Nin left Paris and returned to New York City with her husband. (Guiler was, according to his own wishes, all but edited out of the diaries published during Nin's lifetime; his role in her life is therefore difficult to gauge.)[12] During the war, Nin sent her books to Frances Steloff of the Gotham Book Mart in New York for safekeeping.[13]

In New York, Anaïs rejoined Otto Rank, who had previously moved there, and moved into his apartment. She actually began to act as a psychoanalyst herself, seeing patients in the room next to Rank's, and having sex with her patients on the psychoanalytic couch.[14] She quit after several months, however, stating: "I found that I wasn't good because I wasn't objective. I was haunted by my patients. I wanted to intercede."[15] It was in New York that she met the Japanese-American modernist photographer Soichi Sunami, who went on to photograph her for many of her books.

Other Languages
العربية: أناييز نين
تۆرکجه: آناییز نین
беларуская: Анаіс Нін
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Анаіс Нін
български: Анаис Нин
català: Anaïs Nin
čeština: Anaïs Nin
dansk: Anaïs Nin
Deutsch: Anaïs Nin
eesti: Anaïs Nin
Ελληνικά: Αναΐς Νιν
español: Anaïs Nin
euskara: Anaïs Nin
français: Anaïs Nin
galego: Anaïs Nin
հայերեն: Անաիս Նին
hrvatski: Anaïs Nin
Bahasa Indonesia: Anaïs Nin
italiano: Anaïs Nin
עברית: אנאיס נין
қазақша: Анаис Нин
kurdî: Anaïs Nin
Lëtzebuergesch: Anaïs Nin
magyar: Anaïs Nin
македонски: Анаис Нин
Nederlands: Anaïs Nin
norsk: Anaïs Nin
occitan: Anaïs Nin
polski: Anaïs Nin
português: Anaïs Nin
română: Anaïs Nin
русский: Нин, Анаис
shqip: Anaïs Nin
Simple English: Anaïs Nin
slovenčina: Anaïs Ninová
slovenščina: Anaïs Nin
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Anaïs Nin
suomi: Anaïs Nin
svenska: Anaïs Nin
Tagalog: Anaïs Nin
Türkçe: Anais Nin
українська: Анаїс Нін
Volapük: Anaïs Nin