Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Steadfast, Compassionate)
Location in North Holland
|Coordinates: 52°22′N 4°54′E / 52°22′N 4°54′E / 52.367; 4.900
| • Body
| • Acting
| • Municipality
||219.32 km2 (84.68 sq mi)
| • Land
||165.76 km2 (64.00 sq mi)
| • Water
||53.56 km2 (20.68 sq mi)
||3,043 km2 (1,175 sq mi)
||−2 m (−7 ft)
|Population (municipality & urban, Feb 2017 (CBS); metro 2014 (OIS Amsterdam); Randstad, 2011)
| • Municipality
| • Density
||4,908/km2 (12,710/sq mi)
| • Summer (
listen)) is the
most populous municipality of the
Netherlands. Its status as the capital is mandated by the
Constitution of the Netherlands,
 although it is not the seat of the government, which is
 Amsterdam has a population of 851,373 within the
city proper, 1,351,587 in the urban area,
 and 2,410,960 in the
Amsterdam metropolitan area.
 The city is located in the
North Holland in the west of the country. The metropolitan area comprises much of the northern part of the
Randstad, one of the larger
conurbations in Europe, with a population of approximately 7 million.
Amsterdam's name derives from Amstelredamme,
 indicative of the city's origin around a dam in the river
Amstel. Originating as a small fishing village in the late 12th century, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world during the
Dutch Golden Age (17th century), a result of its innovative developments in trade. During that time, the city was the leading centre for finance and diamonds.
 In the 19th and 20th centuries the city expanded, and many new neighborhoods and suburbs were planned and built. The 17th-century
canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century
Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the
UNESCO World Heritage List. Since the annexation of municipality Sloten in 1921 by the municipality of Amsterdam, the oldest historic part of the city lies in
Sloten (9th century).
As the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered an
alpha world city by the
Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study group. The city is also the cultural capital of the Netherlands.
 Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, and seven of the world's 500 largest companies, including
ING, are based in the city.
 In 2012, Amsterdam was ranked the second best city to live in by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)
 and 12th globally on quality of living for environment and infrastructure by Mercer.
 The city was ranked 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009.
Amsterdam seaport to this day remains the second in the country, and the fifth largest seaport in Europe.
Famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist
Anne Frank, artists
Rembrandt van Rijn and
Vincent van Gogh, and philosopher
Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world, is located in the city center.
Amsterdam's main attractions, including its
historic canals, the
Van Gogh Museum,
Anne Frank House,
Amsterdam Museum, its
red-light district, and its many
cannabis coffee shops draw more than 5 million international visitors annually.
 It is also the world's most multicultural city with at least 177 nationalities represented.