|J. McKnight, who lost his limbs in a railway accident in 1865, was the second recorded survivor of a simultaneous triple amputation.|
|Classification and external resources|
Amputation is the removal of a limb by
In the US, the majority of new amputations occur due to complications of the vascular system (the blood vessels), especially from diabetes. Between 1988 and 1996, there were an average of 133,735 hospital discharges for amputation per year in the US. In 2005, just in the US, there were 1.6 million amputees. In 2013, the US has 2.1 million amputees. Approximately 185,000 amputations occur in the United States each year. In 2009, hospital costs associated with amputation totaled more than $8.3 billion.. There will be an estimated 3.6 million people in the US living with limb loss by 2050. African‐Americans are up to four times more likely to have an amputation than white Americans.
Lower limb, or leg, amputations can be divided into two broad categories - minor amputations and major amputations, Minor amputations generally refers to the amputation of
Common partial foot amputations include Chopart,
The correct terminology for arm, or upper-limb amputations is also described in ISO 8549-2:1989, these being:
A variant of the trans-radial amputation is the
This section does not
Many of these facial disfigurings were and still are done in some parts of the world as punishment for some crimes, and as individual shame and population terror practices.
In some rare cases when a person has become trapped in a deserted place, with no means of communication or hope of rescue, the victim has amputated his or her own limb. The most notable case of this is