Amoeba (genus)

Amoeba
Amoeba proteus 2.jpg
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Phylum: Amoebozoa
Class: Tubulinea
Order: Euamoebida
Family: Amoebidae
Genus: Amoeba
Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1822 [1]
Species
  • Amoeba agilis Kirk, 1907
  • Amoeba gorgonia Pen.
  • Amoeba limicola Rhumb.
  • Amoeba proteus Pal.
  • Amoeba vespertilio Pen.

Amoeba is a genus of single-celled amoeboids in the family Amoebidae. [2] The type species of the genus is Amoeba proteus, a common freshwater organism, widely studied in classrooms and laboratories. [3]

History and classification

The first illustration of an amoeboid, from Roesel von Rosenhof's Insecten-Belustigung (1755).

The earliest record of an organism resembling Amoeba was produced in 1755 by August Johann Rösel von Rosenhof, who named his discovery "der kleine Proteus" ("the little Proteus"), after Proteus, the shape-shifting sea-god of Greek Mythology. [4] While Rösel's illustrations show a creature similar in appearance to the one now known as Amoeba proteus, his "little Proteus'' cannot be identified confidently with any modern species. [5]

The term "Proteus animalcule" remained in use throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, as an informal name for any large, free-living amoeboid. [6]

In 1758, apparently without seeing Rösel's "Proteus" for himself, Carl Linnaeus included the organism in his own system of classification, under the name Volvox chaos. However, because the name Volvox had already been applied to a genus of flagellate algae, he later changed the name to Chaos chaos. In 1786, the Danish Naturalist Otto Müller described and illustrated a species he called Proteus diffluens, which was probably the organism known today as Amoeba proteus. [7]

The genus Amiba, from the Greek amoibè (ἀμοιβή), meaning "change", was erected in 1822 by Bory de Saint-Vincent. [8] [9] In, 1830. the German naturalist C. G. Ehrenberg adopted this genus in his own classification of microscopic creatures, but changed the spelling to "Amoeba." [10]

Other Languages
العربية: أميبا
armãneashti: Amoeba
অসমীয়া: এমিবা
azərbaycanca: Amöb
башҡортса: Амёбалар
беларуская: Амёба
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Амёба
български: Амеба
bosanski: Ameba
català: Ameba
čeština: Amoeba
dansk: Amøbe
eesti: Amööb
Ελληνικά: Αμοιβάδα
эрзянь: Амёба
Esperanto: Amebo
euskara: Amoeba
فارسی: آمیب
français: Amoeba
Gaeilge: Aiméibe
galego: Amoeba
한국어: 아메바
Հայերեն: Ամեոբաներ
हिन्दी: अमीबा
hrvatski: Ameba
Ido: Amebo
Bahasa Indonesia: Ameba
íslenska: Amöbur
italiano: Amoeba
עברית: אמבה
Basa Jawa: Amoeba
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಮೀಬಾ
қазақша: Амёба
Кыргызча: Амёбалар
Latina: Amoeba
latviešu: Amēbas
lietuvių: Amebos
magyar: Amőbák
македонски: Амеба
മലയാളം: അമീബ
मराठी: अमीबा
Bahasa Melayu: Ameba
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အမီးဗား
Nederlands: Amoeba (geslacht)
日本語: アメーバ
norsk: Amøbe
norsk nynorsk: Amøbe
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਮੀਬਾ
português: Amoeba
română: Amibă
русский: Амёбы
shqip: Ameba
Simple English: Amoeba
Soomaaliga: Amiibada
српски / srpski: Амеба
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ameba
svenska: Amöbor
Tagalog: Amoeba
தமிழ்: அமீபா
татарча/tatarça: Амебалар
తెలుగు: అమీబా
ತುಳು: ಅಮೀಬಾ
Türkçe: Ameoba
тыва дыл: Амеба
українська: Амеба
Tiếng Việt: Amoeba
中文: 變形蟲