American Popular Revolutionary Alliance
This article needs additional citations for
|Founded||May 7, 1924 (|
September 20, 1930 (
|Headquarters||Av. Alfonso Ugarte N° 1012, |
5 / 130
0 / 25
5 / 274
3 / 196
The American Popular Revolutionary Alliance - Peruvian Aprista Party (
APRA was founded by
It is the oldest surviving political party in Peru and one of the best established. APRA is as much a social phenomenon as a political movement, with a membership whose loyalty to the party has been unwavering for several generations.
APRA initially espoused anti-imperialism, Pan-Americanism, international solidarity and economic nationalism. Years of repression and clandestinity, as well as Haya de la Torre's single-handed dominance of the party, resulted in striking sectarian and hierarchical traits. The party's structure and the party's hold over its rank and file proved more lasting than its original program.
Opportunistic ideological swings to the right by Haya de la Torre in the 1950s, in exchange for attaining legal status for the party, resulted in an exodus of some of APRA's most talented[
After several years of military rule, APRA was allowed to participate as a legal political party in 1979. The party gathered strong support from the electorate, managing to win a majority of seats in the newly created Constitutional Assembly, and supervised the first democratic elections in 12 years.
Haya de la Torre was elected president of the Constituent Assembly and was slated to run as the party's presidential candidate in 1980. However, he died before the election. The party was divided between
However, APRA managed to win in virtual control of both the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. It was also during these election that
The youthful and charismatic García was elected president on April 14, 1985 with 45% of the vote during the first round. Since he did not receive the 50% of the vote required to win the presidency, García was required to enter the second round against
García was thus declared president on June 1 and officially took power on July 28, 1985. It was the first time in its sixty-year history that the populist APRA party had come to power in Peru.
His presidency was marked by
In May 1989, APRA chose as its standard bearer
For the final runoff, it is thought that APRA may have cut a deal with
At García's farewell speech, he was booed by the entire opposition forces and prevented from speaking. That same day the board of the Chamber of Deputies requested the creation of a special committee to investigate García's Presidency, accusing him of corruption and illicit enrichment. The committee was presided by
As Fujimori assumed the Presidency, Congress was dominated by the opposition forces of
Fujimori convened elections for a Democratic Constituent Congress, in which APRA did not participate. In 1995,
In February 2005, García officially commenced his campaign for the
APRA is a member of the
The youth organization of APRA is known as