Ambrose Bierce

Ambrose Bierce
Bierce around 1866
Bierce around 1866
BornAmbrose Gwinnett Bierce
(1842-06-24)June 24, 1842
Meigs County, Ohio, United States
DiedLost/c. 1914 (aged 71–72);[1]
last letter from Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico
OccupationSoldier · Journalist · Writer
GenresSatire, journalism, short story, horror fiction, war fiction, fantasy, science fiction, western (genre), memoir, humor, literary criticism, poetry
Literary movementRealism
Notable works"Chickamauga"
"An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge"
"The Death of Halpin Frayser"
"The Moonlit Road"
The Devil's Dictionary
Tales of Soldiers and Civilians
Spouse
Mary Ellen "Mollie" Day
(m. 1871; div. 1904)
ChildrenRaymond Day (1872–1889), Leigh (1874–1901), Helen (1875–1940)

Signature
Military career
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branchUnion Army
Years of service1861–1866
RankUnion army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg First Lieutenant
Unit9th Indiana Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War: Battle of Philippi (West Virginia), Battle of Laurel Mountain, Battle of Rich Mountain, Battle of Corrick's Ford, Battle of Cheat Mountain, Battle of Greenbrier River, Battle of Camp Allegheny, Battle of Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Battle of Perryville, Battle of Stones River, Battle of Chickamauga, Chattanooga Campaign, Battle of Lookout Mountain, Battle of Missionary Ridge, Battle of Resaca, Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta Campaign, Battle of Jonesborough, Battle of Franklin (1864), Battle of Nashville

Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842[2] – circa 1914[3]) was an American short story writer, journalist, poet, and Civil War veteran.

Bierce's book The Devil's Dictionary was named as one of "The 100 Greatest Masterpieces of American Literature" by the American Revolution Bicentennial Administration.[4] His story "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" has been described as "one of the most famous and frequently anthologized stories in American literature";[5] and his book Tales of Soldiers and Civilians (also published as In the Midst of Life) was named by the Grolier Club as one of the 100 most influential American books printed before 1900.[6]

A prolific and versatile writer, Bierce was regarded as one of the most influential journalists in the United States,[7][8] and as a pioneering writer of realist fiction.[9] For his horror writing, Michael Dirda ranked him alongside Edgar Allan Poe and H. P. Lovecraft.[10] His war stories influenced Stephen Crane, Ernest Hemingway, and others,[11] and he was considered an influential and feared literary critic.[12] In recent decades Bierce has gained wider respect as a fabulist and for his poetry.[13][14]

In December 1913, Bierce traveled to Chihuahua, Mexico, to gain first-hand experience of the Mexican Revolution.[15] He disappeared, and was rumored to be traveling with rebel troops. He was never seen again.

Early life

Bierce was born in a log cabin at Horse Cave Creek in Meigs County, Ohio, on June 24, 1842, to Marcus Aurelius Bierce (1799–1876) and Laura Sherwood Bierce.[2] He was of entirely English ancestry: all of his forebears came to North America between 1620 and 1640 as part of the Great Puritan Migration.[16] He often wrote critically of both "Puritan values" and people who "made a fuss" about genealogy.[17] He was the tenth of thirteen children, all of whom were given names by their father beginning with the letter "A": in order of birth, the Bierce siblings were Abigail, Amelia, Ann, Addison, Aurelius, Augustus, Almeda, Andrew, Albert, Ambrose, Arthur, Adelia, and Aurelia.[18] His mother was a descendant of William Bradford.[19]

His parents were a poor but literary couple who instilled in him a deep love for books and writing.[2] Bierce grew up in Kosciusko County, Indiana, attending high school at the county seat, Warsaw.

He left home at 15 to become a printer's devil at a small abolitionist Ohio newspaper, the Northern Indianan.[2]

Other Languages
العربية: أمبروز بيرس
asturianu: Ambrose Bierce
تۆرکجه: آمبروز بیرس
башҡортса: Амброз Бирс
беларуская: Амброз Бірс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Амброз Бірс
български: Амброуз Биърс
bosanski: Ambrose Bierce
čeština: Ambrose Bierce
español: Ambrose Bierce
Esperanto: Ambrose Bierce
français: Ambrose Bierce
հայերեն: Ամբրոզ Բիրս
hrvatski: Ambrose Bierce
Bahasa Indonesia: Ambrose Bierce
Interlingue: Ambrose Bierce
íslenska: Ambrose Bierce
italiano: Ambrose Bierce
Basa Jawa: Ambrose Bierce
македонски: Емброуз Бирс
Nederlands: Ambrose Bierce
português: Ambrose Bierce
română: Ambrose Bierce
русский: Бирс, Амброз
slovenčina: Ambrose Bierce
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ambrose Bierce
Türkçe: Ambrose Bierce
українська: Емброуз Бірс
Tiếng Việt: Ambrose Bierce