Amalfi, Antioquia

Amalfi
Municipality and town
Iglesia amalfi antioquia.jpg
Flag of Amalfi
Flag
Location of the municipality and town of Amalfi in the Antioquia Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Amalfi in the Antioquia Department of Colombia
Amalfi is located in Colombia
Amalfi
Amalfi
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 6°55′N 75°05′W / 6°55′N 75°05′W / 6.917; -75.083
Country Colombia
Department Antioquia Department
SubregionNortheastern
Area
 • Total1,210 km2 (470 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total22,088
 • Density18/km2 (47/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)

Amalfi is town and municipality of the Colombian Andes, northern part of the Central Mountain Range in the Antioquia Department and part of the subregion of Northeastern Antioquia. The territory of Amalfi is bordered by the municipalities of Anorí and Segovia at its north; Segovia, Remedios and Vegachí at the east; Vegachí, Yalí, Yolombó and Gómez Plata at the south and Anorí and Guadalupe at the west. The town is served by Amalfi Airport.

It has an extension of 91 miles squares, being one of the biggest Antioquean municipalities in extension with a population of 22,088 inhabitants.[1] The county seat has a population of 11,481 inhabitants[2] and it is located in La Víbora Valley, on a mountainous region that is rich in gold and water reserves, attracting settlers since the half of the 19th century from other Antioquean regions, especially Copacabana, Rionegro, La Ceja, Santa Fe de Antioquia, Yarumal and Santa Rosa de Osos, as well as migrants from countries such as Spain, Syria, Liban, Morocco, China, Germany, Sweden, Finland and West African regions like Nigeria. A permanent affluent of outside settlers during the 19th and 20th centuries searching for gold, absorbed the native population from whom there are archeological evidences dated about 9 thousand years ago that belong to the cultures of the Yamesíes, Guamocoes and Tahamíes. Their extinct language is alive in local expressions and geographical names in their interaction with European and African descendants.

The municipality is identified with the Tiger of Amafil, a historical event dated 1949, when some locals hunted a Bengala Tiger that was freed in the region. As it is also the natural habitat of the jaguar, the event became popular. The inhabitants are known as the Tigers of Amalfi.

Toponymy

The name Amalfi in Colombia honors the Italian city of Amalfi of Salerno, which name has two hypothesis:

  1. Derivation from the name Melfi, a commune of the Vulture area in the Province of Potenza, southern Italy, at the foot of the Vulture Mountain. Today, Melfi is a commercial and touristic area.
  2. A Roman gens of the 1st century that was a family consisting of all those individuals who shared the same nomen and claimed descent from a common ancestor in ancient Rome. The Roman gens of Amalfi created this town at the Adriatic coast in 596.[3]