Altino Arantes Building

Altino Arantes Building
Edifício Altino Arantes
Edifício do Banespa.jpg
Altino Arantes Building is located in São Paulo
Altino Arantes Building
Altino Arantes Building
Location within São Paulo
Altino Arantes Building is located in Brazil
Altino Arantes Building
Altino Arantes Building
Altino Arantes Building (Brazil)
Record height
Tallest in South America from 1947 (1947) to 1960 (1960)[I]
Preceded byMartinelli Building
Surpassed byMirante do Vale
General information
TypeOffice
LocationSão Paulo, Brazil
Coordinates23°32′45″S 46°38′02″W / 23°32′45″S 46°38′02″W / -23.54583; -46.63389
OwnerBanco Santander
Height
Tip161.22 m (528.94 ft)
Roof161.22 m (528.94 ft)[1]
Top floor150 m (490 ft)
Technical details
Floor count36[2]
Floor area17,951 m2 (193,220 sq ft)
Lifts/elevators14
Design and construction
ArchitectPlinio Botelho do Amaral
Structural engineerPlinio Botelho do Amaral
Main contractorCamargo & Mesquita
References
[2]
Street leading to the Banespa building.

The Altino Arantes Building (Portuguese: Edifício Altino Arantes), also known as the Banespa Building (in Portuguese: Edifício do Banespa), and most popularly by Banespão (big Banespa)[3] is an important skyscraper located in São Paulo, Brazil.

History

The building was constructed to be the headquarters of the Bank of the State of São Paulo (Banespa), between 1939 and 1947. It remained the tallest building of the city for two decades until being surpassed by the Edifício Itália. Soon after its completion in the 1940s, it was named the world's largest structure of reinforced concrete. It was designed by Plínio Botelho do Amaral, who was inspired by the Empire State Building and Frank Lloyd Wright. Its panoramic view of the center of São Paulo and its outskirts attract thousands of visitors. In the future, the Altino Arantes building will become the headquarters of the Banespa Cultural Institute, facilitating artistic and cultural activities.

After its foundation in 1909, the Banespa underwent a period of substantial expansion and needed a larger headquarters. The first place chosen for such purpose was in Ramos de Azevedo Square, a place distant from the São Paulo's banking district near São Bento and XV de Novembro streets. Determined to move to an area of more economic prominence, the bank made an agreement with the Santa Casa de Misericórdia to purchase a building that they would demolish to construct a new headquarters on João Brícola street. The project was held in the account of the engineer and architect Plinio Botelho do Amaral, but was adapted by the contracting firm Camargo & Mesquita, who wanted to construct something similar to the Empire State Building.

Construction began on September 19, 1939. After almost 8 years, the building was inaugurated on June 27, 1947 as São Paulo's tallest, being 161.22 meters in height. It remained São Paulo's tallest skyscraper for nearly 20 years. In the time of inauguration it was also tallest skyscraper outside United States.[4] During much time the building was easily identifiable due to the luminous signboard that shone from its roof. In the following year a French magazine called it the biggest structure of armed concrete of the world, because many big buildings (including the Empire State Building, which at the time was the world's tallest) were constructed with metal. In the decade of the 1960s the building's name was changed to "Edifício Altino Arantes", an homage to the first Brazilian president of the bank, Altino Arantes Marques. Since then, the building has not undergone any significant external alterations, even after the 2000 sale of Banespa to the Spanish financial group Banco Santander Central Hispano.

In 2011, Condephaat listed the building as a municipal heritage site.[5]

The building was closed for public visitation in 2015 and underwent an internal renovation, reopening on January 26, 2018 as a cultural and entertainment center named Farol Santander.[6]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Altinu Arantis binası
français: Altino Arantes
Bahasa Indonesia: Edifício Altino Arantes
Simple English: Edifício Altino Arantes
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Edifício Altino Arantes
Tiếng Việt: Edifício Altino Arantes