Alonso de Sotomayor

Alonso de Sotomayor

Alonso de Sotomayor.JPG
Royal Governor of Chile
In office
MonarchKing Philip II
Preceded byMartín Ruiz de Gamboa
Succeeded byPedro de Viscarra
Royal Governor of Panama
In office
MonarchKing Philip II
Preceded byJuan del Barrio
Succeeded byHernando de Añazco
Personal details
Bornc. 1545
Trujillo, Spain
Died1610 (aged 64–65)

Alonso de Sotomayor y Valmediano (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈlonso ðe sotomaˈʝoɾ]; 1545–1610) was a Spanish conquistador from Extremadura, and a Royal Governor of Chile.

Early life

He was born in Trujillo, in the province of Extremadura, the son of Gutiérrez de Sotomayor e Hinojosa and Beatriz de Valmediano. At the age of 15 he joined the army, serving first in Italy until 1567, and then moving to Flanders.

In 1580 he was called back to Madrid by his official duties. King Philip II, seeing his military record, awarded him a knighthood in the Order of Santiago and sent him on a campaign against Portugal. However, at that time news arrived from Chile, where the Arauco War continued and reinforcements were needed. The king subsequently decided to name Sotomayor governor of the district and send him there with a large contingent of soldiers to resolve the situation.