Alonso de Sotomayor

Alonso de Sotomayor
Caballero de Santiago
Alonso de Sotomayor.JPG
Royal Governor of Chile
In office
Monarch King Philip II
Preceded by Martín Ruiz de Gamboa
Succeeded by Pedro de Viscarra
Royal Governor of Panama
In office
Monarch King Philip II
Preceded by Juan del Barrio
Succeeded by Hernando de Añazco
Personal details
Born c. 1545
Trujillo, Spain
Died 1610 (aged 64–65)

Alonso de Sotomayor y Valmediano (1545–1610) was a Spanish conquistador from Extremadura, and a Royal Governor of Chile.

Early life

He was born in Trujillo, in the province of Extremadura, the son of Gutiérrez de Sotomayor e Hinojosa and Beatriz de Valmediano. At the age of 15 he joined the army, serving first in Italy until 1567, and then moving to Flanders.

In 1580 he was called back to Madrid by his official duties. King Philip II, seeing his military record, awarded him a knighthood in the Order of Santiago and sent him on a campaign against Portugal. However, at that time news arrived from Chile, where the Arauco War continued and reinforcements were needed. The king subsequently decided to name Sotomayor governor of the district and send him there with a large contingent of soldiers to resolve the situation.