Algic languages

northern North America
Linguistic classificationOne of the world's primary language families
ISO 639-5aql
Pre-contact distribution of Algic languages (in red). Note distribution in northwestern California.
Notes† - extinct language

The Algic (also Algonquian–Wiyot–Yurok or Algonquian–Ritwan)[2] languages are an indigenous language family of North America. Most Algic languages belong to the Algonquian family, dispersed over a broad area from the Rocky Mountains to Atlantic Canada. The other Algic languages are the Yurok and Wiyot of northwestern California, which, despite their geographic proximity, are not closely related. All these languages descend from Proto-Algic, a second-order proto-language estimated to have been spoken about 7,000 years ago and reconstructed using the reconstructed Proto-Algonquian language and the Wiyot and Yurok languages.


The term "Algic" was first coined by Henry Schoolcraft in his Algic Researches, published in 1839. Schoolcraft defined the term as "derived from the words Alleghany and Atlantic, in reference to the indigenous people anciently located in this geographical area."[3] Schoolcraft's terminology was not retained. The peoples he called "Algic" were later included among the speakers of Algonquian languages.

When Edward Sapir proposed that the well-established Algonquian family was genetically related to the Wiyot and Yurok languages of northern California, he applied the term Algic to this larger family. The Algic urheimat is thought to have been located in the Northwestern United States somewhere between the suspected homeland of the Algonquian branch (to the west of Lake Superior according to Goddard[4]) and the earliest known location of the Wiyot and Yurok (along the middle Columbia River according to Whistler[5]).

Other Languages
العربية: لغات الألجيك
تۆرکجه: آلقی دیللری
беларуская: Алгскія мовы
brezhoneg: Yezhoù aljek
čeština: Algické jazyky
français: Langues algiques
interlingua: Linguas algic
italiano: Lingue algiche
Malagasy: Fiteny aljika
Nederlands: Algische talen
norsk nynorsk: Algiske språk
Piemontèis: Lenghe algic
português: Línguas álgicas
Seeltersk: Algiske Sproaken
українська: Алґські мови
Tiếng Việt: Ngữ hệ Algic