Alfredo Ovando Candía

Alfredo Ovando
Alfredo Ovando.jpg
57th and 60th President of Bolivia
In office
September 26, 1969 – October 6, 1970
Preceded byLuis Adolfo Siles
Succeeded byJuan José Torres
In office
January 2, 1966 – August 6, 1966
Succeeded byRené Barrientos
In office
26 May 1965 – 2 January 1966
Serving with René Barrientos
Preceded byRené Barrientos
Personal details
Born
Alfredo Ovando Candía

(1918-04-06)6 April 1918
Cobija, Bolivia
Died24 January 1982(1982-01-24) (aged 63)
La Paz, Bolivia
NationalityBolivian
Political partyNone
ProfessionMilitary, dictator

Alfredo Ovando Candía (6 April 1918 – 24 January 1982) was a Bolivian president and dictator (1964–66 and 1969–70), general and political figure.

Early years

Ovando was born in Cobija from an upper-middle class family of immigrants parents from Extremadura, Spain and Piedmont, Italy. He started his long military career in the early 1930s, when he served in the Chaco War against Paraguay. Originally rather apolitical, he was chosen (among others) to lead the reconstituted Armed Forces of Bolivia in the aftermath of the 1952 Revolution that installed in power the reformist Revolutionary Nationalist Movement party, better known as the MNR. Ovando lived through the relative deprivation, reduced budgets, and loss of prestige of the defeated Bolivian army during the early years of MNR rule. By the early 1960s, President Víctor Paz Estenssoro came to rely more heavily on the military in the face of growing political divisions among the governing elites. Equally as important in this rebirth was the considerable pressure exerted by the United States to modernize and equip the troops for a decidedly more political role: that of fighting possible Cuba-styled Communist insurgencies.