Pushkin's father, Sergei Lvovich Pushkin (1767–1848), was descended from a distinguished family of the Russian nobility that traced its ancestry back to the 12th century.
Pushkin's mother, Nadezhda (Nadya) Ossipovna Gannibal (1775–1836), was descended through her paternal grandmother from German and
 She was the daughter of Ossip Abramovich Gannibal (1744–1807) and his wife, Maria Alekseyevna Pushkina (1745–1818).
Major S. L. Pushkin – father of the poet
Ossip Abramovich Gannibal's father, Pushkin's great-grandfather, was
Abram Petrovich Gannibal (1696–1781), an African
page kidnapped to
Constantinople as a gift to the
Ottoman Sultan and later transferred to Russia as a gift for
Peter the Great. Abram wrote in a letter to Empress Elizabeth, Peter the Great's daughter, that Gannibal was from the town of "Lagon". Largely on the basis of a mythical biography by Gannibal's son-in-law Rotkirkh, some historians concluded from this that Gannibal was born in a part of what was then the
Vladimir Nabokov, when researching
Eugene Onegin, cast serious doubt on this origin theory. Later research by the scholars
Dieudonné Gnammankou and
Hugh Barnes eventually conclusively established that Gannibal was instead born in
Central Africa, in an area bordering
Lake Chad in modern-day
 After education in France as a
military engineer, Gannibal became governor of
Reval and eventually
Général en Chef (the third most senior army rank) in charge of the building of sea forts and canals in Russia.
Nadezhda Gannibalova – mother of the poet