Al-Nusra Front

Al-Nusra Front
جبهة النصرة
Participant in the Syrian Civil War and the
Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon
Flag of Jabhat Fatah al-Sham.svg
Flag of Jabhat Fatah al-Sham (July 2016–January 2017)
Active23 January 2012[1] – 28 January 2017[2]
Group(s)See al-Nusra member groups
LeadersAbu Mohammad al-Julani (top emir)[8]
Abu Abdullah al-Shami (senior member)
Ahmad Salama Mabruk  (senior member)
Abu Hajer al-Homsi  (top military commander)[9]
Abu Omar al-Turkistani  (top military commander)[10]
Area of operations Syria (Primarily in Northwest Syria, around the Idlib and Aleppo Provinces)
Part ofal-Qaeda
Mujahideen Shura Council (2014–present)[19]
Army of Conquest (2015–17)[20]
Originated asIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq
BecameFlag of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham.svg Hayyat Tahrir al-Sham
AlliesState allies

Non-state allies

Opponent(s)State opponents

Non-state opponents

Shi'ite groups

Islamic State and Islamic State affiliates

Battles and war(s)Syrian Civil War

Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon

Military intervention against ISIL

Al-Nusra Front or Jabhat al-Nusra (Arabic: جبهة النصرة‎), known as Jabhat Fatah al-Sham (Arabic: جبهة فتح الشام‎) after July 2016, and also described as al-Qaeda in Syria or al-Qaeda in the Levant,[41] was a Salafist jihadist organization fighting against Syrian government forces in the Syrian Civil War. Its aim was to establish an Islamic state in the country.[42]

Formed in 2012, in November of that year The Washington Post described al-Nusra as "the most aggressive and successful" of the rebel forces.[43] In December 2012, the United States Department of State designated it a foreign terrorist organization,[44] and in November 2013, it became the official Syrian branch of al-Qaeda.[45]

In March 2015, the group joined with other jihadist groups to form the Army of Conquest.[46] In July 2016, al-Nusra formally re-branded as Jabhat Fatah al-Sham ("Front for the Conquest of the Levant").[47]

On 28 January 2017, following violent clashes with Ahrar al-Sham and other rebel groups, Jabhat Fatah al-Sham merged with four other groups to become Hayat Tahrir al-Sham.[48]


From 2012 to 2013, the al-Nusra Front's full name was the "Victory Front for the People of the Levant by the Mujahideen of the Levant on the Fields of Jihad" (Arabic: جبهة النصرة لأهل الشام من مجاهدي الشام في ساحات الجهاد‎, transliteration: Jabhat an-Nuṣrah li-ahli ash-Shām min Mujahideen ash-Shām fi Sahat al-Jihad).[49]

Other Languages
العربية: جبهة النصرة
azərbaycanca: Nusra Cəbhəsi
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Фронт ан-Нусра
български: Джабхат ан-Нусра
brezhoneg: Talbenn al-Nusra
français: Front al-Nosra
Bahasa Indonesia: Jabhat Al-Nusra
italiano: Fronte al-Nusra
مازِرونی: النصره
sicilianu: Frunti al-Nusra
Simple English: Al-Nusra Front
српски / srpski: Фронт Ал Нусра
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Džabhat al-Nusra
татарча/tatarça: Än-Nüsrä Cäbhäse
Zazaki: El-Nusra