Ahmet Davutoğlu

Ahmet Davutoğlu
Secretary Kerry Meets With Turkish Foreign Minister Davutoglu (2) (cropped).jpg
26th Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
28 August 2014 – 22 May 2016
PresidentRecep Tayyip Erdoğan
Preceded byRecep Tayyip Erdoğan
Succeeded byBinali Yıldırım
43rd Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1 May 2009 – 29 August 2014
Prime MinisterRecep Tayyip Erdoğan
Preceded byAli Babacan
Succeeded byMevlüt Çavuşoğlu
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
28 June 2011 – 7 July 2018
ConstituencyKonya (2011, June 2015, Nov 2015)
Personal details
Born (1959-02-26) 26 February 1959 (age 59)
Taşkent, Turkey
Political partyJustice and Development Party
Spouse(s)Sare Davutoğlu (1984–present)
Alma materBoğaziçi University

Ahmet Davutoğlu (Turkish pronunciation: [ahˈmet davuˈtoːɫu] (About this soundlisten); born 26 February 1959) is a Turkish academic, politician and former diplomat who was the Prime Minister of Turkey and leader of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) from August 2014 to May 2016. He previously served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2009 to 2014 and as chief advisor to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan from 2003 to 2009. He was elected as an AKP Member of Parliament for Konya in the 2011 general election and was re-elected as an MP in both the June and November 2015 general elections. He resigned as Prime Minister on 22 May 2016.[1]

Following the election of serving Prime Minister and AKP leader Recep Tayyip Erdoğan as the 12th President of Turkey, Davutoğlu was announced by the AKP Central Executive Committee as a candidate for the party leadership.[2][3] He was unanimously elected as leader during the first AKP extraordinary congress and consequently succeeded Erdoğan as prime minister, forming the 62nd Government of the Turkish Republic.[4][5] His cabinet was dominated by Erdoğan's close allies such as Yalçın Akdoğan; this led to speculation that he would take a docile approach as prime minister while Erdoğan continued to pursue his own political agenda as president.[6][7] The AKP lost its parliamentary majority in the June 2015 general election, though it remained the largest party. Davutoğlu's government subsequently resigned but stayed in power until a new government could be formed. After undertaking a series of unsuccessful coalition negotiations with opposition parties, Davutoğlu was tasked with forming Turkey's first-ever interim election government, which presided over snap elections scheduled for November 2015. The AKP regained its parliamentary majority in November after a landslide victory, with Davutoğlu subsequently forming his third government.

Following a deterioration in relations between Davutoğlu and Erdoğan over their disagreements regarding parliamentary candidate lists, government policy and the implementation of an executive presidential system of government, Davutoğlu announced his resignation as AKP leader and Prime Minister seven months after his November 2015 general election victory. He announced that an Extraordinary party Congress would be held on 22 May 2016 and that he would not stand for re-election for the party leadership.[8][9][10][11] He was succeeded as leader by Binali Yıldırım and tendered his resignation as Prime Minister soon afterward.[12]

Davutoğlu's administration oversaw an escalation of conflict between the government and the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) after a two-year ceasefire broke down in mid-2015, with his premiership being described as the 'bloodiest' in Turkey's history.[13] His government originally authorised airstrikes against both PKK and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) positions on 20 July after a suicide bombing killed 32 people in the southeastern town of Suruç. The government's offensive against ISIL suffered sustained criticism by allies such as the United States over Turkey's lack of action against the group, though the political opposition accused Davutoğlu of sparking the conflict deliberately to win back votes and regain a parliamentary majority in the November 2015 snap election. His government also presided over the ongoing political conflict with the Gülen Movement and the spillover effects of the Syrian Civil War across the border with Turkey, as well as the European migrant crisis that emerged as a result. Although his foreign policy outlook has been described as Neo-Ottoman or Pan-Islamist, Davutoğlu made Turkey's accession bid to the European Union a strategic target for his government.[14][15] He has been criticised for failing to tackle political corruption and for growing government authoritarianism, with a new national security bill in early 2015 causing opposition commentators to accuse his government of turning Turkey into a police state.[16]

Life and early career

Davutoğlu at the 50th Munich Security Conference in 2014

Ahmet Davutoğlu was born in Taşkent, Konya Province, Turkey. He graduated from İstanbul Erkek Lisesi, which is a Deutsche Auslandsschule (German International school) and studied at the Department of Economics and Political Science of the Boğaziçi University, İstanbul. He holds a master's degree in Public Administration and a PhD degree in Political Science and International Relations from Boğaziçi University. Between 1993 and 1996 Davutoğlu taught Political Sciences at International Islamic University Malaysia. From 1996 to 1999 he worked at Marmara University and became a full professor in 1999. He was the chairman of the Department of International Relations at Beykent University in Istanbul. Between 1995 and 1999 he wrote weekly columns for Turkish daily newspaper Yeni Şafak.[17]

Davutoğlu was granted the title of ambassador in 2003 by the joint decision of President Ahmet Necdet Sezer and Prime Minister Abdullah Gül.[18]

Since 1984 he has been married to Sare Davutoğlu, who is a gynecologist working in Istanbul and a vocal anti-abortion campaigner.[19] They have one son and three daughters.[citation needed]

His publications include Alternative Paradigms: The Impact of Islamic and Western Weltanschauungs on Political Theory, The Civilizational Transformation and The Muslim World in English, Stratejik Derinlik (Strategic Depth), and Küresel Bunalım (The Global Crisis) in Turkish. His book Strategic Depth is a very influential book in Turkey's foreign policy orientation, even becoming a bestseller in Greece in July 2010.[20] He is very influential in the military, academic, and government triangle shaping Turkish foreign policy.[21] In addition to Turkish, he speaks English, German, Arabic and Malay.

Advisor to the prime minister

Davutoğlu became Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's chief foreign policy advisor after the latter became prime minister, developing the Justice and Development Party's new foreign policy outlook that would bring Turkey to play a larger role in the Middle East. His position as chief advisor coincided with the 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq, with Davutoğlu co-ordinating Turkish responses to ongoing military efforts in Turkey's neighbouring country. In 2007, he stated that Turkey was against the United States troops entering Northern Iraq, with his opposition originating from the Kurdish separatist movements in that area.[22]

Other Languages
asturianu: Ahmet Davutoğlu
azərbaycanca: Əhməd Davudoğlu
беларуская: Ахмет Давутаглу
български: Ахмет Давутоглу
čeština: Ahmet Davutoğlu
Esperanto: Ahmet Davutoğlu
français: Ahmet Davutoğlu
Bahasa Indonesia: Ahmet Davutoğlu
Interlingue: Ahmet Davutoğlu
македонски: Ахмет Давутоглу
مازِرونی: احمد داوداوغلو
Bahasa Melayu: Ahmet Davutoğlu
Baso Minangkabau: Ahmet Davutoğlu
Nederlands: Ahmet Davutoğlu
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ahmad Dovudoʻgʻli
português: Ahmet Davutoğlu
Simple English: Ahmet Davutoğlu
Soomaaliga: Axmed Da'ud Oglo
српски / srpski: Ахмет Давутоглу
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ahmet Davutoğlu
українська: Ахмет Давутоглу
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئەھمەد داۋۇد ئوغلۇ
Tiếng Việt: Ahmet Davutoğlu