Agrarianism

Agrarianism is a social philosophy or political philosophy which values rural society as superior to urban society, the independent farmer as superior to the paid worker, and sees farming as a way of life that can shape the ideal social values.[1] It stresses the superiority of a simpler rural life as opposed to the complexity of city life.

Philosophy

M. Thomas Inge defines agrarianism by the following basic tenets:[2]

  • Farming is the sole occupation that offers total independence and self-sufficiency.
  • Urban life, capitalism, and technology destroy independence and dignity and foster vice and weakness.
  • The agricultural community, with its fellowship of labor and co-operation, is the model society.
  • The farmer has a solid, stable position in the world order. He "has a sense of identity, a sense of historical and religious tradition, a feeling of belonging to a concrete family, place, and region, which are psychologically and culturally beneficial." The harmony of his life checks the encroachments of a fragmented, alienated modern society.
  • Cultivation of the soil "has within it a positive spiritual good" and from it the cultivator acquires the virtues of "honor, manliness, self-reliance, courage, moral integrity, and hospitality." They result from a direct contact with nature and, through nature, a closer relationship to God. The agrarian is blessed in that he follows the example of God in creating order out of chaos.
Other Languages
български: Аграризъм
čeština: Agrarismus
español: Agrarismo
français: Agrarisme
한국어: 농본주의
हिन्दी: कृषकवाद
italiano: Ruralismo
Nederlands: Agrarisme
日本語: 農本思想
norsk: Agrarparti
polski: Agraryzm
português: Agrarianismo
русский: Аграризм
српски / srpski: Agrarizam
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Agrarizam
svenska: Agrarianism
Tagalog: Agrarismo
Türkçe: Tarımcılık
українська: Аграризм