The play premiered on Broadway at the ANTA Washington Square Theatre, on January 23, 1964, and closed on May 29, 1964, after 208 performances. Directed by Elia Kazan, who also collaborated with Miller on the script, the cast starred Barbara Loden as Maggie and Jason Robards Jr. as Quentin, along with Ralph Meeker as Mickey, Salome Jens as Holga, and an early appearance by Faye Dunaway as Nurse.
Barbara Loden, Kazan's wife, won the 1964 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play, and Jason Robards was nominated for the 1964 Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play.
In 1984, the play was revived Off-Broadway, at Playhouse 91, where it ran from October 4 to December 2 that year. Directed by John Tillinger, the cast starred Frank Langella and Dianne Wiest.
In 2004, the play was revived on Broadway, at the American Airlines Theatre, in a Roundabout Theatre Company production, from June 25 (previews) to September 12, that year. Directed by Michael Mayer, the cast starred Peter Krause and Carla Gugino. The play was nominated for the 2005 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Set Design of a Play (Richard Hoover).