African Plate

African Plate
The African Plate
TypeMajor
Approximate area61,300,000 km2 (23,700,000 sq mi)[1]
FeaturesAfrica, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea

The African Plate is a major tectonic plate straddling the equator as well as the prime meridian. It includes much of the continent of Africa, as well as oceanic crust which lies between the continent and various surrounding ocean ridges. Between 60 million years ago and 10 million years ago, the Somali Plate began rifting from the African Plate along the East African Rift.[2] Since the continent of Africa consists of crust from both the African and the Somali plates, some literature refers to the African Plate as the Nubian Plate to distinguish it from the continent as a whole.[3]

Boundaries

The western edge of the African Plate is a divergent boundary with the North American Plate to the north and the South American Plate to the south which forms the central and southern part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The African plate is bounded on the northeast by the Arabian Plate, the southeast by the Somali Plate, the north by the Eurasian Plate, the Aegean Sea Plate, and the Anatolian Plate, and on the south by the Antarctic Plate. All of these are divergent or spreading boundaries with the exception of the northern boundary and a short segment near the Azores known as the Terceira Rift.

Other Languages
asturianu: Placa africana
azərbaycanca: Afrika plitəsi
bosanski: Afrička ploča
čeština: Africká deska
español: Placa africana
Esperanto: Afrika plato
français: Plaque africaine
한국어: 아프리카판
hrvatski: Afrička ploča
Bahasa Indonesia: Lempeng Afrika
italiano: Placca africana
Kiswahili: Bamba la Afrika
Nederlands: Afrikaanse Plaat
norsk nynorsk: Den afrikanske plata
پنجابی: افریقی پلیٹ
português: Placa Africana
Simple English: African Plate
slovenčina: Africká platňa
српски / srpski: Афричка плоча
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Afrička ploča
Türkçe: Afrika levhası
українська: Африканська плита
Tiếng Việt: Mảng châu Phi
吴语: 非洲板块
中文: 非洲板块