Adobe

Adobe wall (detail) in Bahillo, Palencia, Spain.
Renewal of the surface coating of an adobe wall in Chamisal, New Mexico
Shiraz, Iran. Its urban gardens are separated by adobe walls.

Adobe (US: i/ (About this sound listen), UK: b/;[1] Spanish: [aˈðoβe]) is a building material made from earth and other organic materials. Adobe means mudbrick in Spanish, but in some English-speaking regions of Spanish heritage, the term is used to refer to any kind of earth construction. Most adobe buildings are similar in appearance to cob and rammed earth buildings. Adobe is among the earliest building materials, and is used throughout the world.

Description

Adobe bricks are rectangular prisms small enough that they can quickly air dry individually without cracking. They can be subsequently assembled, with the application of adobe mud to bond the individual bricks into a structure. There is no standard size, with substantial variations over the years and in different regions. In some areas a popular size measured 8" inches x 4" inches x 12" inches weighing about 25 pounds; in other contexts the size is 10" x 4" x 14" weighing about 35 pounds. The maximum sizes can reach up to 100 pound; above this weight it becomes difficult to move the pieces, and it is preferably to ram the mud in situ, resulting in a different typology known as rammed earth.

Other Languages
العربية: طوب
aragonés: Adoba
asturianu: Adobe
Aymar aru: Tika
беларуская: Саман
български: Кирпич
català: Tova
Чӑвашла: Саман
čeština: Vepřovice
dansk: Adobe
Deutsch: Lehmziegel
eesti: Mudatellis
español: Adobe
Esperanto: Adobo
euskara: Adobe
فارسی: خشت
français: Adobe (brique)
galego: Adobe
한국어: 어도비
हिन्दी: एडोबे
hrvatski: Ćerpič
Ido: Adobo
Bahasa Indonesia: Bata jemuran
italiano: Adobe (mattone)
ქართული: ალიზი
қазақша: Саман
Latina: Later crudus
македонски: Ќерпич
മലയാളം: അഡോബ്
Nāhuatl: Xamitl
Nederlands: Adobe (materiaal)
日本語: アドベ
norsk: Adobe
português: Adobe
română: Chirpici
Runa Simi: Tika
русский: Саман
Scots: Adobe
සිංහල: මෝඩ ගඩොල්
Simple English: Adobe
српски / srpski: Ћерпич
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Adobe
suomi: Savitiili
татарча/tatarça: Саман
Türkçe: Kerpiç
українська: Саман
Winaray: Pálánas
粵語: 土坯
中文: 土坯