Administrative divisions of Mexico
|Mexican States and Mexico City|
Estados mexicanos y la Ciudad de México (
|Also known as:|
Free and Sovereign State
Estado Libre y Soberano
|Populations||(States only) 637,026 (|
|Areas||(States only) 3,990 km2 (1,541 sq mi) (|
|Subdivisions||States and Mexico City: |
|This article is part of |
The states of the Mexican Federation are free, sovereign, autonomous and independent of each other. They are free to govern themselves according to their own laws; each state has a constitution that cannot contradict the federal constitution, which covers issues of national competence. The states cannot make alliances with other states or any independent nation without the consent of the whole federation, except those of defense and security arrangements necessary to keep the border states secure in the event of an invasion. The political organization of each state is based on a separation of powers in a congressional system:
The states are internally divided into municipalities. Each municipality is autonomous in its ability to elect its own council. The council is headed by a mayor elected every 3 years with no possibility of immediate reelection. Each municipality has a council composed of councilors in terms of population size. The council is responsible, in most cases, to provide all utilities required for its population. This concept, which arises from the
Mexico City was separated from the
In 2016, the Mexican Congress approved a constitutional reform eliminating the Federal District and establishing Mexico City as a fully autonomous entity on par with the states but with financial advantages. Unlike the states of the Union, it would receive funds for education and health. With full autonomy, Mexico City would have its own constitution (it previously had only an organic law, the Statute of Autonomy) and its boroughs became municipalities.
If the federal government were to move to another city, Mexico City would be transformed into another state of the Union, called "State of the Valley of Mexico," with new borders and the area given by the Congress of the Union.
Until the ratification of Mexico City's constitution, the city is still divided for administrative purposes into 16 "delegaciones" or