The Patriarch
BornCreated on 6th day
Garden of Eden
Diedc. 930 years AM
Venerated inCatholic Church
FeastDec. 24th
PatronageGardeners and tailors
Biblical figure
Michelangelo, Creation of Adam 03.jpg
ChildrenAwan (daughter)
Cain (son)
Azura (daughter)
Abel (son)
Seth (son)
Aclima (daughter)

Adam (Hebrew: אָדָם, Modern ʼAdam, Tiberian ʼĀḏām; Arabic: آدَم‎, translit. ʾĀdam; Greek: Αδάμ, translit. Adám) is the name used in the opening chapters of the Book of Genesis and in the Quran for the first man created by God, but it is also used in a collective sense as "mankind" and individually as "a human".[1] Biblical Adam (man, mankind) is created from adamah (earth), and Genesis 1-8 makes considerable play of the bond between them, for Adam is estranged from the earth through his disobedience.[2]

Origin and usage

And Elohim Created Adam
William Blake

The majority view among scholars is that the book of Genesis dates from the Persian Empire (the 5th and 4th centuries BCE),[3] but the absence from the rest of the Hebrew Bible of all the other characters and incidents mentioned in chapters 1-11 of Genesis, (Adam appears only in chapters 1-5, with the exception of a mention at the beginning of the Books of Chronicles where, as in Genesis, he heads the list of Israel's ancestors[4]) has led a sizable minority to the conclusion that Genesis 1-11 was composed much later, possibly in the 3rd century BCE.[5] There are still other scholars who hold to the traditional view, as espoused by Jesus in Mark 10, that this account was written by Moses as handed down to him from God. [6]

The Bible uses the word אָדָם ( 'adam ) in all of its senses: collectively ("mankind", 1:27), individually (a "man", 2:7), gender nonspecific ("man and woman", 5:1,2), and male (2:23-24).[1] In Genesis 1:27 "adam" is used in the collective sense, and the interplay between the individual "Adam" and the collective "humankind" is a main literary component to the events that occur in the Garden of Eden, the ambiguous meanings embedded throughout the moral, sexual, and spiritual terms of the narrative reflecting the complexity of the human condition.[7] Genesis 2:7 is the first verse where "Adam" takes on the sense of an individual man (the first man), and the context of sex and gender is absent; the gender distinction of "adam" is then reiterated in Genesis 5:1–2 by defining "male and female".[1]

A recurring literary motif is the bond between Adam and the earth (adamah): God creates Adam by molding him out of clay in the final stages of the creation narrative. After the loss of innocence, God curses Adam and the earth as punishment for his disobedience. Adam and humanity is cursed to die and return to the earth (or ground) from which he was formed.[8] This "earthly" aspect is a component of Adam's identity, and Adam's curse of estrangement from the earth seems to describe humankind's divided nature of being earthly yet separated from nature.[8] God himself who took of the dust from all four corners of the earth with each color (red, black, white, and green) then created Adam therewith,[9] where the soul of Adam is the image of God.[10]

Other Languages
العربية: آدم
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܕܡ
অসমীয়া: আদম
asturianu: Adán
azərbaycanca: Adəm
বাংলা: আদম
Bân-lâm-gú: A-tong
башҡортса: Әҙәм
беларуская: Адам
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Адам
български: Адам
བོད་ཡིག: ཨ་དམ།
brezhoneg: Adam
català: Adam
čeština: Adam
Cymraeg: Adda
Deutsch: Adam (Bibel)
eesti: Aadam
Ελληνικά: Αδάμ
español: Adán
Esperanto: Adamo (Biblio)
euskara: Adam
فارسی: آدم
føroyskt: Ádam
français: Adam
galego: Adán
한국어: 아담
հայերեն: Ադամ
hrvatski: Adam
Bahasa Indonesia: Adam
italiano: Adamo
Basa Jawa: Adam
ქართული: ადამი
қазақша: Адам ата
Kinyarwanda: Adamu
Kiswahili: Adamu
kurdî: Adem
Кыргызча: Адам
Latina: Adam
latviešu: Ādams
Malagasy: Adama (Baiboly)
മലയാളം: ആദാം
მარგალური: ადამი
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ā-dŏng
монгол: Адам
Nederlands: Adam
日本語: アダム
norsk: Adam
occitan: Adam
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਆਦਮ
پښتو: آدم
reo tahiti: Adamu
română: Adam
русский: Адам
Scots: Adam
shqip: Adami
کوردی: ئادەم
српски / srpski: Адам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Adam
suomi: Aadam
Tagalog: Adan
தமிழ்: ஆதாம்
తెలుగు: ఆదాము
ไทย: อาดัม
тоҷикӣ: Одам
Türkçe: Âdem
українська: Адам
اردو: آدم
vèneto: Adamo
vepsän kel’: Adam
Tiếng Việt: Adam
walon: Adan
Winaray: Adan
Wolof: Aadama
ייִדיש: אדם הראשון
粵語: 亞當
Zazaki: Adem
中文: 亞當