Accipitridae

Accipitridae
Temporal range: Eocene – present, 50–0 Ma
Spizaetus-ornatus-001.jpg
Juvenile ornate hawk-eagle
Spizaetus ornatus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Accipitriformes
Family:Accipitridae
Vieillot, 1816
Subfamilies

The Accipitridae, one of the four families within the order Accipitriformes (the others being Cathartidae, Pandionidae and Sagittariidae[1]), are a family of small to large birds with strongly hooked bills and variable morphology based on diet. They feed on a range of prey items from insects to medium-sized mammals, with a number feeding on carrion and a few feeding on fruit. The Accipitridae have a cosmopolitan distribution, being found on all the world's continents (except Antarctica) and a number of oceanic island groups. Some species are migratory.

Many well-known birds, such as hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures are included in this group. The osprey is usually placed in a separate family (Pandionidae), as is the secretary bird (Sagittariidae), and the New World vultures are also usually now regarded as a separate family or order. Karyotype data[2][3][4] indicate the accipitrids analysed are indeed a distinct monophyletic group, but whether this group should be considered a family or one or several order(s) on their own is a question still to be resolved.

Systematics

The accipitrids have been variously divided into some five to 10 subfamilies. Most share a very similar morphology, but many of these groups contain taxa that are more aberrant. These are placed in their respective position more for lack of better evidence than anything else. It is thus not very surprising that the phylogenetic layout of the accipitrids has always been a matter of dispute.

The accipitrids are recognizable by a peculiar rearrangement of their chromosomes.[5] Apart from this, morphology and mtDNA cytochrome b sequence data give a confusing picture of these birds' interrelationships. What can be said is that the hawks, kites, eagles and Old World vultures as presently assigned in all likelihood do not form monophyletic groups:

According to the molecular data, the Buteoninae are most likely poly- or paraphyletic, with the true eagles, the sea eagles, and the buteonine hawks apparently representing distinct lineages. These appear to form a group with the Milvinae, Accipitrinae and Circinae but the exact relationships between the lineages are not at all robustly resolvable with the present data. The Perninae and possibly the Elaninae are older lineages, as are the Old World vultures. The latter are fairly likely also poly- or paraphyletic, with some aberrant species like the bearded and Egyptian vultures standing apart from the naked-necked "true" vultures.[6]

Other Languages
العربية: بازية
aragonés: Accipitridae
asturianu: Accipitridae
Avañe'ẽ: Taguato jukaha
azərbaycanca: Qırğılar
беларуская: Ястрабіныя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ястрабіныя
български: Ястребови
brezhoneg: Accipitridae
català: Accipítrids
Cebuano: Accipitridae
čeština: Jestřábovití
davvisámegiella: Hávuhat
Deutsch: Habichtartige
español: Accipitridae
Esperanto: Akcipitredoj
euskara: Accipitridae
فارسی: قوشیان
français: Accipitridae
한국어: 수리과
hrvatski: Jastrebovi
interlingua: Accipitridae
italiano: Accipitridae
עברית: נציים
ქართული: ქორისებრნი
Latina: Accipitridae
latviešu: Vanagu dzimta
lietuvių: Vanaginiai
македонски: Јастреби
Bahasa Melayu: Accipitridae
Nederlands: Havikachtigen
日本語: タカ科
Nordfriisk: Hanjügern
norsk nynorsk: Haukefamilien
occitan: Accipitridae
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qarchigʻaysimonlar
پنجابی: الاں
português: Accipitridae
română: Accipitridae
русиньскый: Ястрябовы
русский: Ястребиные
Simple English: Accipitridae
slovenčina: Jastrabovité
کوردی: هەڵۆیان
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jastrebovi
suomi: Haukat
Tagalog: Accipitridae
татарча/tatarça: Карчыга кошлар
Türkçe: Atmacagiller
українська: Яструбові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Ưng
Winaray: Accipitridae
粵語: 鷹科
žemaitėška: Vanags
中文: 鹰科