Academy Awards

The Oscars
90th Academy Awards
Academy Award trophy.jpg
Awarded forExcellence in cinematic achievements
CountryUnited States
Presented byAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
First awarded16 May 1929; 88 years ago (1929-05-16)
Websiteoscar.go.com
Most recent Academy Award winners
← 2016Best in films in 20172018 →
 Gary Oldman by Gage Skidmore.jpgFrances McDormand 2015 (cropped).jpg
AwardBest ActorBest Actress
WinnerGary Oldman
(Darkest Hour)
Frances McDormand
(Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri)
 Sam Rockwell (8279227257).jpgAllison Janney4crop.jpg
AwardBest Supporting ActorBest Supporting Actress
WinnerSam Rockwell
(Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri)
Allison Janney
(I, Tonya)
 Guillermo del Toro in 2017.jpgJordan Peele Peabody 2014 (cropped).jpg
AwardBest DirectorBest Original Screenplay
WinnerGuillermo del Toro
(The Shape of Water)
Jordan Peele
(Get Out)

Previous Best Picture

Moonlight

Best Picture

The Shape of Water

The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars,[1] are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", which has become commonly known by its nickname "Oscar". The sculpture was created by George Stanley.[2] The awards, first presented in 1929 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, are overseen by AMPAS.[3][4]

The awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the first time in 1953. It is now seen live in more than 200 countries and can be streamed live online.[5] The Academy Awards ceremony is the oldest worldwide entertainment awards ceremony. Its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Tony Awards for theater, and the Grammy Awards for music – are modeled after the Academy Awards.[6]

The 90th Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best films of 2017, was held on 4 March 2018, at the Dolby Theatre, in Los Angeles, California. The ceremony was hosted by Jimmy Kimmel and was broadcast on ABC. A total of 3,072 Oscars have been awarded from the inception of the award through the 90th.[7]

History

The first Academy Awards presentation was held on 16 May 1929, at a private dinner function at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about 270 people. The post-awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel.[8] The cost of guest tickets for that night's ceremony was $5 ($71 in 2017 dollars). Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists, directors and other participants in the film-making industry of the time, for their works during the 1927–28 period. The ceremony ran for 15 minutes.

Winners were announced to media three months earlier. That was changed for the second ceremony in 1930. Since then, for the rest of the first decade, the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11:00 pm on the night of the awards.[8] This method was used until an occasion when the Los Angeles Times announced the winners before the ceremony began; as a result, the Academy has, since 1941, used a sealed envelope to reveal the name of the winners.[8]

Institutions

The first Best Actor awarded was Emil Jannings, for his performances in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh. He had to return to Europe before the ceremony, so the Academy agreed to give him the prize earlier; this made him the first Academy Award winner in history. At that time, the winners were recognized for all of their work done in a certain category during the qualifying period; for example, Jannings received the award for two movies in which he starred during that period, and Janet Gaynor later won a single Oscar for performances in three films. With the fourth ceremony, however, the system changed, and professionals were honored for a specific performance in a single film. For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years.[8]

At the 29th ceremony, held on 27 March 1957, the Best Foreign Language Film category was introduced. Until then, foreign-language films had been honored with the Special Achievement Award.

The 74th Academy Awards, held in 2002, presented the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.[9]

Since 1973, all Academy Awards ceremonies have ended with the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Traditionally, the previous year's winner for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor present the awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress, while the previous year's winner for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress present the awards for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oscar
Alemannisch: Oscar
አማርኛ: ኦስካር
aragonés: Premio Oscar
অসমীয়া: অস্কাৰ বঁটা
asturianu: Premios Óscar
azərbaycanca: Oskar mükafatı
Bân-lâm-gú: Oscar Chióng
беларуская: Оскар
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Оскар
Boarisch: Oscar
bosanski: Oscar
brezhoneg: Oskar
català: Oscar
čeština: Oscar
corsu: Oscar
Deutsch: Oscar
eesti: Oscar
Ελληνικά: Όσκαρ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Prèmi Òscar
español: Premios Óscar
Esperanto: Oskar-premio
euskara: Oscar Sariak
한국어: 아카데미상
Հայերեն: Օսկար
hrvatski: Oscar
Bahasa Indonesia: Academy Award
interlingua: Premio Oscar
italiano: Premio Oscar
עברית: פרס אוסקר
ქართული: ოსკარი
Kiswahili: Tuzo za Akademi
Кыргызча: "Оскар" сыйлыгы
Lëtzebuergesch: Oscar
lietuvių: Oskaras
Limburgs: Academy Awards
lumbaart: Prèmi Oscar
magyar: Oscar-díj
მარგალური: ოსკარი
مازِرونی: اوسکار جایزه
Bahasa Melayu: Anugerah Akademi
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အော်စကာဆု
Nederlands: Oscar (filmprijs)
नेपाल भाषा: अकादमी सिरपा
norsk: Oscar
norsk nynorsk: Oscar-prisen
occitan: Oscar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oscar
Piemontèis: Premi Oscar
Plattdüütsch: Oscar
português: Óscar
română: Premiile Oscar
Runa Simi: Oskar Suñay
саха тыла: Оскар
sicilianu: Premiu Oscar
Simple English: Academy Award
slovenčina: Academy Awards
српски / srpski: Оскар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Oscari
svenska: Oscar
Tagalog: Gawad Academy
татарча/tatarça: Оскар премиясе
українська: Оскар (кінопремія)
vèneto: Premio Oscar
Tiếng Việt: Giải Oscar
吴语: 奥斯卡奖
ייִדיש: אסקאר
žemaitėška: Oskars