Abstract art

Robert Delaunay, 1912–13, Le Premier Disque, 134 cm (52.7 in.), Private collection

Abstract art uses a visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world.[1] Western art had been, from the Renaissance up to the middle of the 19th century, underpinned by the logic of perspective and an attempt to reproduce an illusion of visible reality. The arts of cultures other than the European had become accessible and showed alternative ways of describing visual experience to the artist. By the end of the 19th century many artists felt a need to create a new kind of art which would encompass the fundamental changes taking place in technology, science and philosophy. The sources from which individual artists drew their theoretical arguments were diverse, and reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture at that time.[2]

Abstract art, non-figurative art, non-objective art, and non-representational art are loosely related terms. They are similar, but perhaps not of identical meaning.

Abstraction indicates a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art. This departure from accurate representation can be slight, partial, or complete. Abstraction exists along a continuum. Even art that aims for verisimilitude of the highest degree can be said to be abstract, at least theoretically, since perfect representation is likely to be exceedingly elusive. Artwork which takes liberties, altering for instance color and form in ways that are conspicuous, can be said to be partially abstract. Total abstraction bears no trace of any reference to anything recognizable. In geometric abstraction, for instance, one is unlikely to find references to naturalistic entities. Figurative art and total abstraction are almost mutually exclusive. But figurative and representational (or realistic) art often contains partial abstraction.

Both geometric abstraction and lyrical abstraction are often totally abstract. Among the very numerous art movements that embody partial abstraction would be for instance fauvism in which color is conspicuously and deliberately altered vis-a-vis reality, and cubism, which blatantly alters the forms of the real life entities depicted.[3][4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Abstrakte kuns
العربية: فن تجريدي
asturianu: Arte astrauto
azərbaycanca: Abstraksionizm
башҡортса: Абстракционизм
беларуская: Абстракцыянізм
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Абстракцыянізм
български: Абстракционизъм
català: Art abstracte
español: Arte abstracto
Esperanto: Abstraktismo
français: Art abstrait
Bahasa Indonesia: Seni abstrak
íslenska: Abstraktlist
italiano: Astrattismo
Basa Jawa: Seni abstrak
latviešu: Abstrakcionisms
lietuvių: Abstrakcionizmas
മലയാളം: അമൂർത്തകല
Nederlands: Abstracte kunst
日本語: 抽象絵画
norsk nynorsk: Abstrakt kunst
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Abstraksionizm (oqim)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਮੂਰਤ ਕਲਾ
Piemontèis: Art astrata
português: Arte abstrata
română: Arta abstractă
русиньскый: Абстракционизм
Simple English: Abstract art
سنڌي: تجريديت
slovenčina: Abstraktné umenie
slovenščina: Abstraktna umetnost
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Apstraktna umjetnost
తెలుగు: నైరూప్య కళ
Türkçe: Soyut sanat
українська: Абстракціонізм
中文: 抽象藝術