Abdulmejid II

Abdulmejid II
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Head of the House of Osman
Abdulmecid efendi.jpg
Caliph Abdulmejid II
29th Caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate
Tenure19 November 1922 – 3 March 1924
PredecessorMehmed VI
SuccessorCaliphate abolished
Head of the House of Osman
(in exile)
Pretence16 May 1926 – 23 August 1944
PredecessorMehmed VI
SuccessorAhmed Nihad
Born29/30 May 1868[1][2]
Beşiktaş, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (now Turkey)
Died23 August 1944(1944-08-23) (aged 76)
Paris, France
BurialAl-Baqi, Medina, Saudi Arabia
ConsortsŞehsuvar Hanım
Mihrimah Hanım
Hayrünissa Hanım
Mehisti Hanım
Bihruze Hanım
IssueŞehzade Omer Faruk
Dürrüşehvar Sultan
Full name
Abdul Mecid bin Abdul Aziz
DynastyOttoman
FatherAbdulaziz
MotherHayranidil Kadın
ReligionIslam

Abdulmejid II (Ottoman Turkish: عبد المجید الثانی‎, Abd al-Madjeed al-ThâniTurkish: Halife İkinci Abdülmecit Efendi, 29 May 1868 – 23 August 1944) was the last Caliph of Islam, nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924.

Biography

On 30 May 1868,[1][2] he was born at Dolmabahçe Palace or at Beşiktaş Palace, Beşiktaş, Istanbul, to then Sultan Abdülaziz and his wife Hayranidil Kadın. He was educated privately.

According to custom, Abdulmecid was confined to the palace until he was 40. On 4 July 1918, his first cousin Mehmed VI became Sultan and Abdul Mejid was named Crown Prince.[1] Following the deposition of his cousin on 1 November 1922, the Sultanate was abolished. But on 19 November 1922, the Crown Prince was elected Caliph by the Turkish National Assembly at Ankara.[1] He established himself in Constantinople[3][4] on 24 November 1922.

On 3 March 1924, six months after the foundation of the Turkish Republic, the Ottoman Caliphate was abolished and the Ottoman dynasty was deposed and expelled from Turkey.[5][6]

Artist

Abdulmejid's painting of his wife.

Abdulmejid was given the title of General in the Ottoman Army, but did not in fact have strong military inclinations, and his more significant role was as Chairman of the Ottoman Artists' Society.

He is considered as one of the most important painters of late period Ottoman art.

His paintings of the Harem, showing a modern musical gathering, and of his wife, Şehsuvar Hanım, reading Goethe's Faust.[7] were displayed at an exhibition of Ottoman paintings in Vienna in 1918. His personal self-portrait can be seen at Istanbul Modern.

Abdulmejid was an avid collector of butterflies, an activity that he occupied himself with during the last 20 years of his life. His favourite magazine was Revue des deux Mondes.[7]

Death

On 23 August 1944, Abdulmejid II died at his house in the Boulevard Suchet, Paris. His death coincided with the Liberation of Paris from the German occupation. He was buried in Medina, Saudi Arabia, by the order of King Saud of Saudi Arabia.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Abdülmecid II
azərbaycanca: Əbdülməcid Əfəndi
български: Абдул Меджид II
bosanski: Abdulmedžid II
čeština: Abdulmecid II.
español: Abdul Mejid II
français: Abdülmecid II
Bahasa Indonesia: Abdul Mejid II
italiano: Abdülmecid II
Basa Jawa: Abdul Mejid II
ქართული: აბდულმეჯიდ II
қазақша: II Әбділмәжит
latviešu: Abdulmedžids II
Bahasa Melayu: Abdülmecid II
Nederlands: Abdülmecit II
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Abdulmajid II
português: Abdul Mejide II
српски / srpski: Абдулмеџид II
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Abdul Medžid II
українська: Абдул-Меджид II
Tiếng Việt: Abdulmecid II