Panoramic view of Aachen, including Kaiser-Karls-Gymnasium (foreground), city hall (back centre) and cathedral (back right)
Panoramic view of Aachen, including Kaiser-Karls-Gymnasium (foreground), city hall (back centre) and cathedral (back right)
Flag of Aachen
Coat of arms of Aachen
Coat of arms
Location of Aachen within Aachen district
Aachen in AC (2009).svg
Aachen is located in Germany
Aachen is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Coordinates: 50°46′32″N 06°05′01″E / 50°46′32″N 06°05′01″E / 50.77556; 6.08361
Aachen districts and quarters

Aachen (ən/,[2][3] German: [ˈʔaːxn̩] (About this soundlisten); Ripuarian: Oche [ˈɔːxə]), also known as Bad Aachen ("Aachen Spa"), and in French and traditional English as Aix-la-Chapelle,[a] is a spa and border city[5] in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Aachen developed from a Roman settlement and spa, subsequently becoming the preferred medieval Imperial residence of Charlemagne,[6] and, from 936 to 1531, the place where 31 Holy Roman Emperors were crowned Kings of the Germans.[7]

Aachen is the westernmost city in Germany, located near the borders with Belgium and the Netherlands, 61 km (38 mi) west south west of Cologne[8][9] in a former coal-mining area.[9] One of Germany's leading institutes of higher education in technology, the RWTH Aachen University, is located in the city.[b][10] Aachen's industries include science, engineering and information technology. In 2009, Aachen was ranked eighth among cities in Germany for innovation.[11]


The name Aachen is a modern descendant, like southern German Ach(e), German: Aach, meaning "river" or "stream", from Old High German ahha, meaning "water" or "stream", which directly translates (and etymologically corresponds) to Latin Aquae, referring to the springs. The location has been inhabited by humans since the Neolithic era, about 5,000 years ago, attracted to its warm mineral springs. Latin Aquae figures in Aachen's Roman name Aquae granni, which meant "waters of Grannus", referring to the Celtic god of healing who was worshipped at the springs.[7][12] This word became Åxhe in Walloon and Aix in French, and subsequently Aix-la-Chapelle after Charlemagne had his palatine chapel built there in the late 8th century and then made the city his empire's capital.

Aachen's name in French and German evolved in parallel. The city is known by a variety of different names in other languages:

Language Name Pronunciation in IPA
Aachen dialect Oche [ˈɔːxə]
Catalan Aquisgrà [əkizˈɡɾa]
Czech Cáchy [ˈtsaːxɪ]
Dutch / Low German Aken[13] [ˈaːkə(n)] (About this soundlisten)
French Aix-la-Chapelle[13] [ɛks la ʃapɛl]
Greek Ἀκυΐσγρανον (Akyísgranon) [aciˈizɣranon]
Italian Aquisgrana [akwizˈɡraːna]
Latin Aquisgrana[14] Aquae granni[7] Aquis Granum[15]
Limburgish Aoke [ˈɒ̀ːkə]
Luxembourgish Oochen [ˈoːχən]
Polish Akwizgran [aˈkfizɡran]
Portuguese Aquisgrano, Aquisgrão [ɐkiʒˈɡɾɐnu], [ɐkiʒˈɡɾɐ̃w̃]
Spanish Aquisgrán[13] [akizˈɣɾan]
Walloon Åxhe [ɑːç]

Aachen dialect

Aachen is at the western end of the Benrath line that divides High German to the south from the rest of the West Germanic speech area to the north.[16] Aachen's local dialect is called Öcher Platt and belongs to the Ripuarian language.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Aken
Alemannisch: Aachen
አማርኛ: አኽን
العربية: آخن
asturianu: Aquisgrán
azərbaycanca: Aaxen
تۆرکجه: آخن
Bân-lâm-gú: Aachen
беларуская: Ахен
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аахэн
български: Аахен
Boarisch: Aachen
bosanski: Aachen
brezhoneg: Aachen
català: Aquisgrà
čeština: Cáchy
corsu: Aquisgrana
Cymraeg: Aachen
dansk: Aachen
Deutsch: Aachen
eesti: Aachen
Ελληνικά: Άαχεν
español: Aquisgrán
Esperanto: Aachen
euskara: Akisgran
فارسی: آخن
français: Aix-la-Chapelle
Gaeilge: Aachen
Gàidhlig: Aachen
galego: Aquisgrán
한국어: 아헨
հայերեն: Աախեն
हिन्दी: आखन
hornjoserbsce: Aachen
hrvatski: Aachen
Ido: Aachen
Bahasa Indonesia: Aachen
interlingua: Aquisgrano
Interlingue: Aachen
íslenska: Aachen
italiano: Aquisgrana
עברית: אאכן
ქართული: აახენი
kaszëbsczi: Achen
қазақша: Ахен
Kiswahili: Aachen
Кыргызча: Ахен
Latina: Aquisgranum
latviešu: Āhene
Lëtzebuergesch: Oochen
lietuvių: Achenas
Limburgs: Aoke
lumbaart: Aquisgrana
magyar: Aachen
македонски: Ахен
മലയാളം: ആഹ്ഹൻ
मराठी: आखन
مصرى: آخن
Bahasa Melayu: Aachen
монгол: Аахен
Nederlands: Aken (stad)
日本語: アーヘン
нохчийн: Ахен
Nordfriisk: Aachen
norsk: Aachen
norsk nynorsk: Aachen
occitan: Aquisgran
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Aachen
پنجابی: آخن
Plattdüütsch: Aken
polski: Akwizgran
português: Aachen
Ripoarisch: Oche
română: Aachen
Runa Simi: Aachen
русский: Ахен
Scots: Aachen
Seeltersk: Aachen
sicilianu: Aquisgrana
Simple English: Aachen
slovenčina: Aachen
slovenščina: Aachen
ślůnski: Aachen
српски / srpski: Ахен
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Aachen
suomi: Aachen
svenska: Aachen
Tagalog: Aachen
தமிழ்: ஆஃகன்
татарча/tatarça: Ахен
Türkçe: Aachen
українська: Аахен
اردو: آخن
Tiếng Việt: Aachen
Volapük: Aachen
walon: Åxhe
Winaray: Aachen
吴语: 亚琛
粵語: 阿臣
Zazaki: Aachen
Zeêuws: Aken
中文: 亚琛