ParadigmObject-oriented, structured, imperative
Designed bySAP SE
First appeared1983 (1983)
Stable release
7.53[1] / 2018
Typing disciplineStatic, strong, safe, nominative
Major implementations
SAP R/2, SAP R/3
Influenced by
Objective-C,[citation needed] COBOL,[citation needed] SQL[citation needed]

ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming, originally Allgemeiner Berichts-Aufbereitungs-Prozessor, German for "general report creation processor"[2]) is a high-level programming language created by the German software company SAP SE. It is currently positioned, alongside Java, as the language for programming the SAP NetWeaver Application Server, which is part of the SAP NetWeaver platform for building business applications.


ABAP is one of the many application-specific fourth-generation languages (4GLs) first developed in the 1980s. It was originally the report language for SAP R/2, a platform that enabled large corporations to build mainframe business applications for materials management and financial and management accounting.ABAP establish integration between independent softwares.

ABAP used to be an abbreviation of Allgemeiner BerichtsAufbereitungsProzessor, German for "generic report preparation processor", but was later renamed to the English Advanced Business Application Programming. ABAP was one of the first languages to include the concept of Logical Databases (LDBs), which provides a high level of abstraction from the basic database level(s),which supports every platform, language and units.

The ABAP language was originally used by developers to develop the SAP R/3 platform. It was also intended to be used by SAP customers to enhance SAP applications – customers can develop custom reports and interfaces with ABAP programming. The language was geared towards more technical customers with programming experience. It is extracted from the base computing languages Java , C, C++ and Python.

ABAP remains as the language for creating programs for the client-server R/3 system, which SAP first released in 1992. As computer hardware evolved through the 1990s, more and more of SAP's applications and systems were written in ABAP. By 2001, all but the most basic functions were written in ABAP. In 1999, SAP released an object-oriented extension to ABAP called ABAP Objects, along with R/3 release 4.6.

SAP's current development platform NetWeaver supports both ABAP and Java.

ABAP has an abstraction between the business applications, the operating system and database. This ensures that applications do not depend directly upon a specific server or database platform and can easily be ported from one platform to another.

SAP Netweaver currently runs on UNIX (AIX, HP-UX, Solaris, Linux), Microsoft Windows, i5/OS on IBM System i (formerly iSeries, AS/400), and z/OS on IBM System z (formerly zSeries, S/390). Supported databases are HANA, SAP ASE (formerly Sybase), IBM DB2, Informix, MaxDB, Oracle, and Microsoft SQL Server (support for Informix was discontinued in SAP Basis release 7.00).[3]

Other Languages
български: ABAP
bosanski: ABAP
čeština: ABAP
Deutsch: ABAP
español: ABAP
فارسی: آباپ
français: ABAP
galego: ABAP
한국어: ABAP
हिन्दी: एबीएपी
italiano: ABAP
עברית: ABAP
magyar: ABAP
मराठी: ए.बी.ए.पी.
Bahasa Melayu: ABAP
Nederlands: ABAP
日本語: ABAP
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਏਬੀਏਪੀ
polski: ABAP
português: ABAP
русский: ABAP/4
shqip: ABAP
српски / srpski: ABAP
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: ABAP
тоҷикӣ: ABAP/4
Türkçe: ABAP
Tiếng Việt: ABAP
中文: ABAP