A-flat minor

A minor
C-flat-major a-flat-minor.svg
Relative key♭ major
enharmonic: B major
Parallel key♭ major
Dominant key♭ minor
enharmonic: ♯ minor
Subdominant♭ minor
enharmonic: ♯ minor
Enharmonic♯ minor
Component pitches
A, B, C, D, E, F, G

A minor is a minor scale based on , consisting of the pitches A, , , , , , and . Its key signature has seven flats. Its relative major is ♭ major (or enharmonically B major), its parallel major is ♭ major, and its direct enharmonic equivalent is G♯ minor.

The A natural minor scale is:

 {
\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c'' {
  \clef treble \key aes \minor \time 7/4
  aes4^\markup { Natural minor scale } bes ces des es fes ges aes ges fes es des ces bes aes2
} }

Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The A harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are:

 {
\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c'' {
  \clef treble \key aes \minor \time 7/4
  aes4^\markup { Harmonic minor scale } bes ces des es fes g aes g fes es des ces bes aes2
} }
 {
\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c'' {
  \clef treble \key aes \minor \time 7/4
  aes4^\markup { Melodic minor scale (ascending and descending) } bes ces des es f g aes ges! fes! es des ces bes aes2
} }

Music in A minor

Although A minor occurs in modulation in works in other keys, it is only rarely used as the principal key of a piece of music. Some well-known uses of the key in classical and romantic piano music include:

It is also used in Frederick Loewe's score to the 1956 musical play My Fair Lady; the Second Servants' Chorus is set in A minor (the preceding and following choruses being a semitone lower and higher respectively).

More often, pieces in a minor mode that have A's pitch as tonic are notated in the enharmonic key, ♯ minor, because of G's appreciably simpler key signature and it has just five sharps as opposed to the seven flats of A minor. As a result, only works expressly notated as such may reasonably be considered to be in A minor.

In some scores, the A minor key signature in the bass clef is written with the flat for the F on the second line from the top.[nb 1]

Other Languages
العربية: لا منخفض صغير
Deutsch: As-Moll
eesti: As-moll
español: La bemol menor
Esperanto: A♭-minoro
français: La bémol mineur
한국어: 내림가단조
Nederlands: As-mineur
日本語: 変イ短調
polski: As-moll
português: Lá bemol menor
Simple English: A-flat minor
српски / srpski: Ас-мол
українська: Ля-бемоль мінор
Tiếng Việt: La giáng thứ
中文: 降A小調