A-flat minor

A minor
C-flat-major a-flat-minor.svg
Relative key♭ major
enharmonic: B major
Parallel key♭ major
Dominant key♭ minor
enharmonic: ♯ minor
Subdominant♭ minor
enharmonic: ♯ minor
Enharmonic♯ minor
Component pitches
A, B, C, D, E, F, G

A minor is a minor scale based on , consisting of the pitches A, , , , , , and . Its key signature has seven flats. Its relative major is ♭ major (or enharmonically B major), its parallel major is ♭ major, and its direct enharmonic equivalent is G♯ minor.

The A natural minor scale is:

\relative c'' { 
  \clef treble \key aes \minor \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature aes4^\markup { Natural minor scale } bes ces des es fes ges aes ges fes es des ces bes aes2

Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The A harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are:

\relative c'' { 
  \clef treble \key aes \minor \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature aes4^\markup { Harmonic minor scale } bes ces des es fes g aes g fes es des ces bes aes2
\relative c'' { 
  \clef treble \key aes \minor \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature aes4^\markup { Melodic minor scale (ascending and descending) } bes ces des es f g aes ges! fes! es des ces bes aes2

Music in A minor

Although A minor occurs in modulation in works in other keys, it is only rarely used as the principal key of a piece of music. Some well-known uses of the key in classical and romantic piano music include:

It is also used in Frederick Loewe's score to the 1956 musical play My Fair Lady; the Second Servants' Chorus is set in A minor (the preceding and following choruses being a semitone lower and higher respectively).

More often, pieces in a minor mode that have A's pitch as tonic are notated in the enharmonic key, ♯ minor, because of G's appreciably simpler key signature and it has just five sharps as opposed to the seven flats of A minor. As a result, only works expressly notated as such may reasonably be considered to be in A minor.

In some scores, the A minor key signature in the bass clef is written with the flat for the F on the second line from the top.[nb 1]

Other Languages
العربية: لا منخفض صغير
Deutsch: As-Moll
eesti: As-moll
español: La bemol menor
Esperanto: A♭-minoro
français: La bémol mineur
한국어: 내림가단조
Nederlands: As-mineur
日本語: 変イ短調
polski: As-moll
português: Lá bemol menor
Simple English: A-flat minor
српски / srpski: Ас-мол
українська: Ля-бемоль мінор
Tiếng Việt: La giáng thứ
中文: 降A小調