457 Alleghenia

457 Alleghenia
Discovery [1]
Discovered byM. Wolf
F. Schwassmann
Discovery siteHeidelberg Obs.
Discovery date15 September 1900
MPC designation(457) Alleghenia
Named after
Allegheny, Pennsylvania
(John Brashear optics)[2]
1900 FJ · 1938 SA
main-belt · (outer)[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc115.57 yr (42213 d)
Aphelion3.6339 AU (543.62 Gm)
Perihelion2.5553 AU (382.27 Gm)
3.0946 AU (462.95 Gm)
5.44 yr (1988.4 d)
0° 10m 51.78s / day
Earth MOID1.58071 AU (236.471 Gm)
Jupiter MOID1.92316 AU (287.701 Gm)
Physical characteristics
Dimensions33.54 km (calculated)[3]
21.953±0.001 h[4]
21.953 h (0.9147 d)[1]
0.057 (assumed)[3]

Alleghenia (minor planet designation: 457 Alleghenia), provisional designation 1900 FJ, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, about 34 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 15 September 1900, by German astronomers Max Wolf and Friedrich Schwassmann at Heidelberg Observatory in southern Germany.[5]

The C-type asteroid orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.6–3.6 AU once every 5 years and 5 months (1,987 days). Its orbit is tilted by 13 degrees to the plane of the ecliptic and shows an eccentricity of 0.17. Based on assumptions made by the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link, the body has a low albedo of 0.06, a typical value for a carbonaceous asteroid.[3] In 2014, photometric light-curve observations at the Los Algarrobos Observatory (OLASU, I38), Uruguay, has given a rotation period of 21.953±0.001 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.20 in magnitude. It was the last among the first 500 numbered asteroids to have its period measured for the first time (also see 398 Admete).[4]

The minor planet was named by Max Wolf in honor and gratitude of U.S. optician John Brashear at Allegheny in Pennsylvania, who equipped Wolf's new telescope with state of the art optics (lenses for the 16-inch photographic doublet). Some of the finest astronomy equipment of the early 20th century were produced at Allegheny by Brashear. The body was the first discovery Wolf made with his new instrument.[a] Wolf also expressed his gratitude by granting the naming of another of his discoveries to the American optician, who named it 484 Pittsburghia, after his home city. Brashear is also honored by a Martian and a lunar crater.[2] The minor planet 5502 Brashear was later directly named after the famous American astronomer and instrument builder.

Other Languages
العربية: 457 ألليجينيا
Bân-lâm-gú: 457 Alleghenia
Ελληνικά: 457 Αλεγκένια
Esperanto: 457 Alleghenia
فارسی: سیارک ۴۵۷
français: (457) Alleghenia
հայերեն: (457) Ալլեգենիա
italiano: 457 Alleghenia
македонски: 457 Алегенија
norsk nynorsk: 457 Alleghenia
português: 457 Alleghenia
română: 457 Alleghenia
slovenčina: 457 Alleghenia
slovenščina: 457 Alleghenia
српски / srpski: 457 Alleghenia
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 457 Alleghenia
українська: 457 Аллегенія
Yorùbá: 457 Alleghenia
中文: 小行星457