2nd millennium

New WorldAmerican RevolutionFrench RevolutionBlack DeathNapoleon BonaparteTelephoneAeroplaneMoon landingAtomic BombLight BulbGutenberg Bible
From left, clockwise: in 1492, Italian navigator Christopher Columbus arrives in America; the American Revolution; the French Revolution; the Atomic Bomb from World War II; an alternate source of light, the light bulb; for the first time, a human being sets foot on the moon in 1969 during the Apollo 11 moon mission; aeroplanes become the most-used way of transport though the skies; Napoleon Bonaparte, in the early 19th century, affects France and Europe with expansionism and modernization; Alexander Graham Bell's telephone; in 1348, the Black Death kills in just two years over 100 million people worldwide, and over half of Europe. (Background: An excerpt from the Gutenberg Bible, the first major book printed in the West using movable type, in the 1450s)

The second millennium of the anno Domini or Common Era was a millennium spanning the years 1001 to 2000 (11th to 20th centuries).[note 1] It encompassed the High and Late Middle Ages of the Old World, followed by the Early Modern period, characterized by the Wars of Religion in Europe, the Age of Enlightenment, the Age of Discovery and the colonial period. Its final two centuries coincide with Modern history, characterized by industrialization, the rise of nation states, the rapid development of science, widespread education, and universal health care and vaccinations in the Western world. The 20th century saw increasing globalization, most notably the two World Wars and the subsequent formation of the United Nations. 20th-century technology includes powered flight, television and semiconductor technology, including integrated circuits. The term "Great Divergence" was coined to refer the unprecedented cultural and political ascent of the Western world in the second half of the millennium, emerging by the 18th century as the most powerful and wealthy world civilization, having eclipsed Qing China and the Islamic World. It differs from the millennium of the 1000s, which spans the years 1000 to 1999.

World population grew without precedent over the millennium, from 310 million in 1000 to about 6,000 million in 2000.Doubling time was at first seven centuries (reaching 600 million in 1700), and during the final three centuries population growth accelerated extremely, growth rate peaking at 1.8% p.a. in the second half of the 20th century. Unchecked globalization and population growth also caused considerable social and environmental consequences, giving rise to extreme poverty[failed verification], climate change and biotic crisis.[1]

Political history

Middle Ages

11th century, 1143, 1400, 1495
Near East
see also Crusades, Mongol invasions
North Africa
East Asia
Sahel / Sudan and Sub-Saharan Africa
Pre-Columbian Americas

Early Modern period

Colonial empires
sub-Saharan Africa

Modern history

Other Languages
العربية: ألفية 2
asturianu: Mileniu II
Avañe'ẽ: II su ary
azərbaycanca: II minillik
български: 2 хилядолетие
bosanski: 2. milenij
brezhoneg: Eil milved
буряад: II мянган
català: Mil·lenni II
čeština: 2. tisíciletí
Ελληνικά: 2η χιλιετία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Secònd milèni
español: II milenio
Esperanto: 2-a jarmilo
euskara: 2. milurtekoa
føroyskt: 2. áratúsund
français: IIe millénaire
Gàidhlig: 2 mìle-bliadhna
ГӀалгӀай: 2-гIа эзаршу
한국어: 제2천년기
hrvatski: 2. tisućljeće
Bahasa Indonesia: Milenium ke-2
italiano: II millennio
עברית: האלף השני
ქართული: II ათასწლეული
Kiswahili: Milenia ya 2
Latina: Millennium 2
latviešu: 2. tūkstošgade
Lëtzebuergesch: 2. Joerdausend
lietuvių: 2 tūkstantmetis
Ligure: II millennio
la .lojban.: 1xyxyxymoi
magyar: 2. évezred
македонски: II милениум
მარგალური: II ვითოშწანურა
Bahasa Melayu: Milenium ke-2
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ၂ ထောင်စုနှစ်
Nederlands: 2e millennium
日本語: 2千年紀
Napulitano: II millennio
Nordfriisk: 2. juardüüsen
ភាសាខ្មែរ: សហស្សវត្សរ៍ទី២
саха тыла: 2 -c тыһыынча сыл
Sesotho sa Leboa: Ngwagakete 2
Simple English: 2nd millennium
slovenčina: 2. tisícročie
slovenščina: 2. tisočletje
српски / srpski: 2. миленијум
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 2. milenijum
татарча/tatarça: 2 меңьеллык
Türkmençe: 2-nji müňýyllyk
українська: 2-ге тисячоліття
Tiếng Việt: Thiên niên kỷ 2
吴语: 2千纪
粵語: 第2千年
žemaitėška: 2 tūkstontmetis
中文: 2千纪