2020 Irish general election

  • 2020 irish general election

    ← 2016 8 february 2020
    ← outgoing members
    elected members →

    159 of 160 seats in dáil Éireann[a]
    80 seats needed for a majority
    opinion polls
    turnout62.9% decrease 2.2pp
      first party second party third party
      mary lou mcdonald (official portrait) (cropped).jpg micheal martin (official portrait) (cropped).jpg leo varadkar 2016.jpg
    leader mary lou mcdonald micheál martin leo varadkar
    party sinn féin fianna fáil fine gael
    leader since 10 february 2018 26 january 2011 2 june 2017
    leader's seat dublin central cork south-central dublin west
    last election 23 seats, 13.8% 44 seats, 24.3% 50 seats, 25.5%
    seats before 22 45 47
    seats won 37 37 35
    seat change increase 15 decrease 8 decrease 12
    popular vote 535,573 484,315 455,568
    percentage 24.5% 22.2% 20.9%
    swing increase 10.7% decrease 2.1% decrease 4.7%

      fourth party fifth party sixth party
      eamon ryan 2020 (cropped).jpg brendan howlin (official portrait) (cropped).jpg róisín shortall td and catherine murphy td cropped.jpg
    leader eamon ryan brendan howlin catherine murphy
    róisín shortall
    party green party labour party social democrats
    leader since 27 may 2010 20 may 2016 15 july 2015
    leader's seat dublin bay south wexford kildare north
    dublin north-west
    last election 2 seats, 2.7% 7 seats, 6.6% 3 seats, 3.0%
    seats before 3 7 2
    seats won 12 6 6
    seat change increase 9 decrease 1 increase 4
    popular vote 155,695 95,582 63,397
    percentage 7.1% 4.4% 2.9%
    swing increase 4.4% decrease 2.2% decrease 0.1%

      seventh party eighth party ninth party
     
    s–pbp
    peadar tóibín (official portrait) (cropped).jpg
    i4c
    leader collective leadership peadar tóibín none
    party solidarity–pbp aontú inds. 4 change
    leader since n/a 28 january 2019 n/a
    leader's seat n/a meath west n/a
    last election 6 seats, 3.9% new party 4 seats, 1.5%
    seats before 6 1 1
    seats won 5 1 1
    seat change decrease 1 steady 0 steady 0
    popular vote 57,420 41,575 8,421
    percentage 2.6% 1.9% 0.4%
    swing decrease 1.3% new party decrease 1.1%

    2020 irish general election - results.svg
    results of the election by constituency.

    taoiseach before election

    leo varadkar
    fine gael

    elected taoiseach

    tbd
    tbd

    an election took place on saturday 8 february, to elect the 33rd dáil Éireann, the lower house of ireland's parliament. all but one of the 160 seats were contested, with the ceann comhairle (speaker) being returned automatically. the members, teachtaí dála (tds), were elected by single transferable vote from all of the multi-member constituencies. the election was called following the dissolution of the 32nd dáil by the president, at the request of taoiseach leo varadkar on 14 january 2020. it was the first election since 1918 to be held on a weekend.

    the election was an unprecedented three-way race, with the three largest parties each winning a share of the vote between 20% and 25%. sinn féin made significant gains; it received the most first-preference votes, and won 37 seats, the party's best result since it took its current form in 1970. fianna fáil also won 37 seats, but fewer first-preference votes. fine gael, the governing party led by varadkar, came third both in seats (35) and in first-preference votes.

    international news outlets have described the result as a historic break from the two-party system, as it was the first time in almost a century that neither fianna fáil nor fine gael won the most votes. furthermore, the combined vote share of the two traditional main parties fell to a historic low.[1][2] the leaders of those parties had long ruled out forming a coalition government with sinn féin.

    to secure a majority, a government would need the support of at least 80 tds. any government would therefore need the support of more than two parties or a large group of independent tds, or a formal confidence and supply arrangement with another party that would agree to abstain on votes of confidence and the budget.

  • background
  • electoral system
  • retiring incumbents
  • campaign
  • opinion polls
  • results
  • government formation
  • see also
  • notes
  • references

2020 Irish general election

← 2016 8 February 2020

159 of 160 seats in Dáil Éireann[a]
80 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Turnout62.9% Decrease 2.2pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Mary Lou McDonald (official portrait) (cropped).jpg Micheal Martin (official portrait) (cropped).jpg Leo Varadkar 2016.jpg
Leader Mary Lou McDonald Micheál Martin Leo Varadkar
Party Sinn Féin Fianna Fáil Fine Gael
Leader since 10 February 2018 26 January 2011 2 June 2017
Leader's seat Dublin Central Cork South-Central Dublin West
Last election 23 seats, 13.8% 44 seats, 24.3% 50 seats, 25.5%
Seats before 22 45 47
Seats won 37 37 35
Seat change Increase 15 Decrease 8 Decrease 12
Popular vote 535,573 484,315 455,568
Percentage 24.5% 22.2% 20.9%
Swing Increase 10.7% Decrease 2.1% Decrease 4.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Eamon Ryan 2020 (cropped).jpg Brendan Howlin (official portrait) (cropped).jpg Róisín Shortall TD and Catherine Murphy TD cropped.jpg
Leader Eamon Ryan Brendan Howlin Catherine Murphy
Róisín Shortall
Party Green Party Labour Party Social Democrats
Leader since 27 May 2010 20 May 2016 15 July 2015
Leader's seat Dublin Bay South Wexford Kildare North
Dublin North-West
Last election 2 seats, 2.7% 7 seats, 6.6% 3 seats, 3.0%
Seats before 3 7 2
Seats won 12 6 6
Seat change Increase 9 Decrease 1 Increase 4
Popular vote 155,695 95,582 63,397
Percentage 7.1% 4.4% 2.9%
Swing Increase 4.4% Decrease 2.2% Decrease 0.1%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
 
S–PBP
Peadar Tóibín (official portrait) (cropped).jpg
I4C
Leader Collective leadership Peadar Tóibín None
Party Solidarity–PBP Aontú Inds. 4 Change
Leader since n/a 28 January 2019 n/a
Leader's seat n/a Meath West n/a
Last election 6 seats, 3.9% New party 4 seats, 1.5%
Seats before 6 1 1
Seats won 5 1 1
Seat change Decrease 1 Steady 0 Steady 0
Popular vote 57,420 41,575 8,421
Percentage 2.6% 1.9% 0.4%
Swing Decrease 1.3% New party Decrease 1.1%

2020 Irish general election - Results.svg
Results of the election by constituency.

Taoiseach before election

Leo Varadkar
Fine Gael

Elected Taoiseach

TBD
TBD

An election took place on Saturday 8 February, to elect the 33rd Dáil Éireann, the lower house of Ireland's parliament. All but one of the 160 seats were contested, with the Ceann Comhairle (speaker) being returned automatically. The members, Teachtaí Dála (TDs), were elected by single transferable vote from all of the multi-member constituencies. The election was called following the dissolution of the 32nd Dáil by the president, at the request of Taoiseach Leo Varadkar on 14 January 2020. It was the first election since 1918 to be held on a weekend.

The election was an unprecedented three-way race, with the three largest parties each winning a share of the vote between 20% and 25%. Sinn Féin made significant gains; it received the most first-preference votes, and won 37 seats, the party's best result since it took its current form in 1970. Fianna Fáil also won 37 seats, but fewer first-preference votes. Fine Gael, the governing party led by Varadkar, came third both in seats (35) and in first-preference votes.

International news outlets have described the result as a historic break from the two-party system, as it was the first time in almost a century that neither Fianna Fáil nor Fine Gael won the most votes. Furthermore, the combined vote share of the two traditional main parties fell to a historic low.[1][2] The leaders of those parties had long ruled out forming a coalition government with Sinn Féin.

To secure a majority, a government would need the support of at least 80 TDs. Any government would therefore need the support of more than two parties or a large group of Independent TDs, or a formal confidence and supply arrangement with another party that would agree to abstain on votes of confidence and the budget.

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