2019 Albania earthquake

2019-11-26 Mamurras, Albania M6.4 earthquake shakemap (USGS).jpg
Map of Albania, showing location and intensity of shaking. Star marks epicenter.
2019 Albania earthquake is located in Albania41.511°N 19.515°E
2019 Albania earthquake
Durrës
Durrës
Kodër-Thumanë
Kodër-Thumanë
Kurbin
Kurbin
Lezhë
Lezhë
Tirana
Tirana
Laç
Laç
UTC time2019-11-26 02:54:12
616919407
USGS-ComCat
Local date26 November 2019 (2019-11-26)
Local time03:54:12 CET (UTC+1)
Magnitude6.4 Mw
Depth20.0 km (12.4 mi)
Epicentre41°30′40″N 19°30′54″E / 41°30′40″N 19°30′54″E / 41.511; 19.515
TypeThrust
Areas affectedMamurras, Durrës, Kodër-Thumanë
Total damage7,900 buildings damaged/destroyed[1]
Max. intensityVIII (Severe)
Peak acceleration0.5062 g[2]
Peak velocity43.01 cm/s[3]
Aftershocks
  • 1,300
  • Four Mw ≥ 5.0
  • Eighteen Mw 4–4.9
Casualties
Location of epicentre and aftershocks in the first seven days

Northwestern Albania was struck by a strong 6.4-magnitude earthquake with an epicentre 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) west-southwest of Mamurras, at 03:54 CET (UTC+1) on 26 November 2019.[4][5] The earthquake lasted 30 seconds and was felt in Albania's capital Tirana, and in places as far away as Taranto and Belgrade,[6] some 370 kilometres (230 mi) northeast of the epicentre. A total of 51 people were killed in the earthquake, with about 2,000 injured. [7][8][9] It was the second earthquake to strike the region in the space of three months. [10][11] It was the strongest earthquake to hit Albania in more than 40 years, its deadliest earthquake in 99 years[12][5][13] and ​is currently the world's deadliest earthquake in 2019.

Tectonic setting

Albania lies across the convergent boundary between the Eurasian Plate and the Adriatic Plate, part of the complex collision zone with the African Plate. The structure of the western part of Albania is dominated by active thrust tectonics. The region is seismically active, with several M ≥ 6 earthquakes in the last hundred years. In 1979, the largest of these events struck 70 kilometres (43 mi) further north, in Montenegro, killing 136 people (101 in Montenegro and 35 in Albania).[14][4] The most recent significant earthquake in the area was an M 5.6 event on 21 September 2019 with an epicentre ENE of Durrës, which was at the time the most powerful in 30 years and damaged 500 houses.[15][10]

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