2018 Brazilian general election

Brazilian general election, 2018

← 20147 October 2018 (2018-10-07) (first round)
28 October 2018 (2018-10-28) (second round)
2022 →
Opinion polls
Turnout79.67% (first round)
78.7% (second round)[1]
 Jair Bolsonaro pela EC 77 - Médico Militar no SUS (cropped).jpgFernando Haddad Prefeito 2016.jpg
CandidateJair BolsonaroFernando Haddad[a]
PartyPSLPT
AllianceBrazil Above Everything, God Above EveryoneThe People Happy Again
Home stateRio de Janeiro[b]São Paulo
Running mateHamilton MourãoManuela d'Ávila
States carried15 + DF11
Popular vote57,797,84747,040,906
Percentage55.13%44.87%

Brazilian presidential election second round map.png
Map of results for each State and the Federal District.

President before election

Michel Temer
MDB

Elected President

Jair Bolsonaro
PSL

Brazilian legislative election, 2018 (Chamber of Deputies)
October 7, 2018

All 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
257 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond partyThird party
 Paulo Pimenta 2012.jpgEduardo Bolsonaro em junho de 2016.jpg
LeaderPaulo PimentaEduardo BolsonaroArthur Lira
PartyPTPSLPP
Leader since02 January 201812 March 201801 March 2018
Leader's seatRio Grande do SulSão PauloAlagoas
Seats before61849
Seats won565238
Seat changeRed Arrow Down.svg5Green Arrow Up Darker.svg44Red Arrow Down.svg11

 Fourth partyFifth partySixth party
 
LeaderDomingos NetoBaleia RossiJosé Rocha
PartyPSDPMDBPR
Leader since07 February 201818 May 201609 February 2018
Leader's seatCearáSão PauloBahia
Seats before415940
Seats won343433
Seat changeRed Arrow Down.svg7Red Arrow Down.svg25Red Arrow Down.svg7
Brazilian legislative election, 2018 (Federal Senate)
October 7, 2018

54 seats in the Federal Senate
41 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond partyThird party
 Foto oficial 2 de Simone Tebet.jpgFoto oficial de Paulo Bauer.jpgFoto oficial de Omar Aziz.jpg
LeaderSimone TebetPaulo Bauer (lost re-election) [3]Omar Aziz
PartyPMDBPSDBPSD
Leader since05 April 201625 August 20165 November 2014
Leader's seatMato Grosso do SulSanta CatarinaAmazonas
Seats before19107
Seats after1297
Seat changeRed Arrow Down.svg7Red Arrow Down.svg10

 Fourth partyFifth partySixth party
 Foto oficial de Ronaldo Caiado.jpgFoto oficial de Lindbergh Farias.jpgFoto oficial de Ana Amélia Lemos.jpg
LeaderRonaldo Caiado (Elect Governor) [4]Lindbergh Farias (lost re-election) [5]Ana Amélia Lemos (retiring) [6]
PartyDEMPTPP
Leader since31 January 201807 March 201831 January 2017
Leader's seatGoiásRio de JaneiroRio Grande do Sul
Seats before6126
Seats after765
Seat changeGreen Arrow Up Darker.svg1Red Arrow Down.svg6Red Arrow Down.svg1
Official 2018 elections logo

General elections were held in Brazil on 7 October 2018 to elect the President, Vice President and the National Congress. Elections for state governors and vice governors, state legislative assemblies and the Legislative Chamber of the Federal District were held at the same time.

On 7 October 2018, Rio de Janeiro congressman Jair Bolsonaro came first in the first round of the presidential election. A run-off between him and former São Paulo mayor Fernando Haddad[7] was held on 28 October 2018. At 22:06 GMT, with 88% reporting, Bolsonaro was declared the winner with over 50% of the popular vote.[8]

Background

The 2014 elections saw Workers' Party candidate Dilma Rousseff reelected as President in the second round with 51.6% of the vote, defeating Aécio Neves of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party who received 48.4% of the vote.[9] Rousseff had first been elected in the 2010 elections, succeeding her political mentor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who was in office from 2003 until 2011.[10]

However, on 3 December 2015, impeachment proceedings against Rousseff were officially accepted by the Chamber of Deputies.[11] On 12 May 2016, the Federal Senate temporarily suspended Rousseff's powers and duties for up to six months or until the Senate reached a verdict: to remove her from office if found guilty or to acquit her from the crimes charged.[12] Vice President Michel Temer, of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, assumed her powers and duties as Acting President of Brazil during the suspension.[13][14] On 31 August 2016, the Senate voted 61–20 in favor of impeachment, finding Rousseff guilty of breaking budgetary laws and removing her from office.[15][16] Critics of the impeachment saw it as a legislative coup d'état.[17] Vice President Temer succeeded Rousseff as the 37th President of Brazil. His government implemented policies that contradicted the platform on which Rousseff's Workers Party had been elected, in one of the most controversial and politically-heated periods of modern Brazilian history.[18]

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