2017 Iran–Iraq earthquake

2017 Iran–Iraq earthquake[1][2][3]
Iran-Iraq border earthquake ShakeMap (cropped).jpg
UTC time2017-11-12 18:18:17
Local date12 November 2017 (2017-11-12)
Local time21:48 IST
Magnitude7.3 Mw[4][1][2][3][5][1]
Depth19.0 km (12 mi)[4]
Epicenter34°54′18″N 45°57′22″E / 34°54′18″N 45°57′22″E / 34.905; 45.956[4]
FaultZagros fold and thrust belt
Areas affected
Max. intensityVIII (Severe)
Casualties630 dead[6][7]
8,100+ injured[8][9][10]
70,000+ homeless[10]

On 12 November 2017 at 18:18 UTC (21:48 Iran Standard Time, 21:18 Arabia Standard Time), an earthquake with a moment magnitude of 7.3 occurred on the Iran–Iraq border, with the Iraqi Kurdish city of Halabja, and the Sunni Kurdish dominated places of Ezgeleh, Salas-e Babajani County, Kermanshah Province in Iran, [4][13] closest to the epicentre, 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of the city of Halabja, Iraqi Kurdistan.[4]

It was felt as far away as Israel and the United Arab Emirates. With at least 630 people killed (mostly in Iraq's Kurdish Halabja area and the Iranian Kurdish dominated province of Kermanshah),[6][7] and more than 8,100 injured, as well as many more unaccounted for,[14][8][15] it was the deadliest earthquake of 2017.[16]

Tectonic setting

The earthquake was located within the Zagros fold and thrust belt, part of the broad and complex zone of continental collision between the Arabian and Eurasian Plates. At this location, the relative convergence of the plates is about 26 mm per year.[4] The convergence is quite oblique to the Zagros belt, although it is partitioned into orthogonal dip-slip motion within the active thrust belt and dextral (right lateral) strike-slip motion along the Main Recent Fault to the northeast of the Zagros Mountains.[17]

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