2017–2018 Iranian protests
|2017–18 Iranian protests|
|Date||From 28 December 2017|
|Location||Various cities in Iran|
|Parties to the civil conflict|
||≈ 4,972  |
A series of public protests occurred in various cities throughout
The protests mark the most intense domestic challenge to the Iranian government since the
According to Iranian authorities, protests turned violent in some parts of the country, and Iranian state television reported that the protesters attacked police stations and military personnel and installations, and started fires.
 As of 2 January 2018, at least twenty-one protesters and two security force members had been killed. Additionally, 3,700 demonstrators were arrested according to Mahmoud Sadeghi, a reformist lawmaker from Tehran, though official figures were much lower.
 On 5 January 2018, four
In a backlash against the protests, thousands of government supporters staged pro-government rallies in more than a dozen cities across Iran. 
The current regime of Iran came into power following the
In 2006, following international concerns regarding the government's
The initial spark for the protests was a sudden jump in food prices. It is believed that hard-line opponents of Rouhani instigated the first demonstrations in the conservative city of Mashhad in eastern Iran, trying to direct public anger at the president. But as protests spread from town to town, the backlash turned against the entire ruling class."
In order to deflect criticism about the economy, Rouhani had been complaining for several weeks about government money going to religious institutions, which are seen as the power-base of the hard-liners; according to international media reports, analysts believe that hard-liners started the protests as a means to embarrass Rouhani. 
Protesters registered their opposition to cuts to fuel and cash subsidies, contained in the 2018 budget proposal unveiled in mid-December, which caused widespread anger, with the hashtag #pashimanam ("we regret" [i.e. we regret our vote for Rouhani]) going viral across the country.
 The generous government funding of the