1991

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1991 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1991
MCMXCI
Ab urbe condita2744
Armenian calendar1440
ԹՎ ՌՆԽ
Assyrian calendar6741
Bahá'í calendar147–148
Balinese saka calendar1912–1913
Bengali calendar1398
Berber calendar2941
British Regnal year39 Eliz. 2 – 40 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2535
Burmese calendar1353
Byzantine calendar7499–7500
Chinese calendar庚午(Metal Horse)
4687 or 4627
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4688 or 4628
Coptic calendar1707–1708
Discordian calendar3157
Ethiopian calendar1983–1984
Hebrew calendar5751–5752
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2047–2048
 - Shaka Samvat1912–1913
 - Kali Yuga5091–5092
Holocene calendar11991
Igbo calendar991–992
Iranian calendar1369–1370
Islamic calendar1411–1412
Japanese calendarHeisei 3
(平成3年)
Javanese calendar1923–1924
Juche calendar80
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4324
Minguo calendarROC 80
民國80年
Nanakshahi calendar523
Thai solar calendar2534
Tibetan calendar阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
2117 or 1736 or 964
    — to —
阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
2118 or 1737 or 965
Unix time662688000 – 694223999

1991 (MCMXCI)was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s. During the year, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics fell, leaving fifteen sovereign republics in its place. India also abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy in July 1991 which would increase the GDP but also economic inequality over the next two decades.[1] A U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded and annexed Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.

The Japanese asset price bubble burst this year, leading to the Lost Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese economy.[2]

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

The Warsaw radio mast after its collapse on August 8.
August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow.

September

Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.

October

November

December

December 8: The signing of the agreement ending the USSR's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
December 25: The original flag of Russia is readopted as the flag of the Russian Federation.

Date unknown

Other Languages
Afrikaans: 1991
Alemannisch: 1991
አማርኛ: 1991 እ.ኤ.አ.
Аҧсшәа: 1991
العربية: 1991
aragonés: 1991
arpetan: 1991
asturianu: 1991
Avañe'ẽ: 1991
авар: 1991
Aymar aru: 1991
azərbaycanca: 1991
বাংলা: ১৯৯১
Bahasa Banjar: 1991
Bân-lâm-gú: 1991 nî
Basa Banyumasan: 1991
башҡортса: 1991 йыл
беларуская: 1991
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1991
भोजपुरी: 1991
Bikol Central: 1991
български: 1991
Boarisch: 1991
bosanski: 1991.
brezhoneg: 1991
català: 1991
Чӑвашла: 1991
Cebuano: 1991
čeština: 1991
Chavacano de Zamboanga: 1991
Cymraeg: 1991
dansk: 1991
davvisámegiella: 1991
Deutsch: 1991
dolnoserbski: 1991
eesti: 1991
Ελληνικά: 1991
emiliàn e rumagnòl: 1991
эрзянь: 1991 ие
español: 1991
Esperanto: 1991
euskara: 1991
فارسی: ۱۹۹۱
Fiji Hindi: 1991
føroyskt: 1991
français: 1991
Frysk: 1991
furlan: 1991
Gaeilge: 1991
Gaelg: 1991
Gagauz: 1991
Gàidhlig: 1991
galego: 1991
贛語: 1991年
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 1991-ngièn
хальмг: 1991 җил
한국어: 1991년
հայերեն: 1991
हिन्दी: १९९१
hornjoserbsce: 1991
hrvatski: 1991.
Ido: 1991
Igbo: 1991
Ilokano: 1991
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মারি ১৯৯১
Bahasa Indonesia: 1991
interlingua: 1991
Ирон: 1991-æм аз
isiZulu: 1991
íslenska: 1991
italiano: 1991
עברית: 1991
Basa Jawa: 1991
Kabɩyɛ: 1991
ಕನ್ನಡ: ೧೯೯೧
Kapampangan: 1991
къарачай-малкъар: 1991 джыл
ქართული: 1991
kaszëbsczi: 1991
қазақша: 1991 жыл
kernowek: 1991
Kiswahili: 1991
коми: 1991-ӧд во
Kreyòl ayisyen: 1991 (almanak gregoryen)
kurdî: 1991
Кыргызча: 1991
кырык мары: 1991 и
Latina: 1991
latviešu: 1991. gads
Lëtzebuergesch: 1991
лезги: 1991 йис
lietuvių: 1991 m.
Ligure: 1991
Limburgs: 1991
lingála: 1991
Livvinkarjala: 1991
la .lojban.: 1991moi
lumbaart: 1991
magyar: 1991
मैथिली: १९९१
македонски: 1991
Malagasy: 1991
മലയാളം: 1991
Māori: 1991
मराठी: इ.स. १९९१
მარგალური: 1991
مصرى: 1991
Bahasa Melayu: 1991
Baso Minangkabau: 1991
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1991 nièng
монгол: 1991 он
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ၁၉၉၁
Nāhuatl: 1991
Dorerin Naoero: 1991
Nederlands: 1991
Nedersaksies: 1991
नेपाली: सन् १९९१
नेपाल भाषा: ई सं १९९१
日本語: 1991年
Napulitano: 1991
нохчийн: 1991 шо
Nordfriisk: 1991
norsk: 1991
norsk nynorsk: 1991
Nouormand: 1991
occitan: 1991
олык марий: 1991
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ୧୯୯୧
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1991
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ੧੯੯੧
पालि: १९९१
پنجابی: 1991
Papiamentu: 1991
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ឆ្នាំ ១៩៩១
Tok Pisin: 1991
Plattdüütsch: 1991
polski: 1991
português: 1991
Qaraqalpaqsha: 1991
qırımtatarca: 1991
reo tahiti: 1991
Ripoarisch: Joohr 1991
română: 1991
Runa Simi: 1991
русиньскый: 1991
русский: 1991 год
саха тыла: 1991
sardu: 1991
Scots: 1991
Seeltersk: 1991
Sesotho sa Leboa: 1991
shqip: 1991
sicilianu: 1991
සිංහල: 1991
Simple English: 1991
سنڌي: 1991ع
slovenčina: 1991
slovenščina: 1991
ślůnski: 1991
Soomaaliga: 1991
کوردی: ١٩٩١
српски / srpski: 1991
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1991
Basa Sunda: 1991
suomi: 1991
svenska: 1991
Tagalog: 1991
தமிழ்: 1991
татарча/tatarça: 1991 ел
తెలుగు: 1991
tetun: 1991
ไทย: พ.ศ. 2534
тоҷикӣ: Соли 1991
Türkçe: 1991
Türkmençe: 1991
удмурт: 1991 ар
українська: 1991
اردو: 1991ء
vèneto: 1991
Tiếng Việt: 1991
Volapük: 1991
Võro: 1991
walon: 1991
West-Vlams: 1991
Winaray: 1991
吴语: 1991年
ייִדיש: 1991
Yorùbá: 1991
粵語: 1991年
Zazaki: 1991
Zeêuws: 1991
žemaitėška: 1991
中文: 1991年