1990

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1990 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1990
MCMXC
Ab urbe condita2743
Armenian calendar1439
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԹ
Assyrian calendar6740
Bahá'í calendar146–147
Balinese saka calendar1911–1912
Bengali calendar1397
Berber calendar2940
British Regnal year38 Eliz. 2 – 39 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2534
Burmese calendar1352
Byzantine calendar7498–7499
Chinese calendar己巳(Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4687 or 4627
Coptic calendar1706–1707
Discordian calendar3156
Ethiopian calendar1982–1983
Hebrew calendar5750–5751
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2046–2047
 - Shaka Samvat1911–1912
 - Kali Yuga5090–5091
Holocene calendar11990
Igbo calendar990–991
Iranian calendar1368–1369
Islamic calendar1410–1411
Japanese calendarHeisei 2
(平成2年)
Javanese calendar1922–1923
Juche calendar79
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4323
Minguo calendarROC 79
民國79年
Nanakshahi calendar522
Thai solar calendar2533
Tibetan calendar阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
    — to —
阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
2117 or 1736 or 964
Unix time631152000 – 662687999

1990 (MCMXC)was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.

Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen,[1] the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika. Yugoslavia's communist regime collapses amidst increasing internal tensions and multiparty elections held within its constituent republics result in separatist governments being elected in most of the republics marking the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia. Also in this year began the crisis that would lead to the Gulf War in 1991 following the Iraq invasion and the largely internationally unrecognized annexation of Kuwait. This annexation resulted in a crisis in the Persian Gulf involving the issue of the sovereignty of Kuwait and fears by Saudi Arabia over Iraqi aggression against their oil fields near Kuwait. This led to Operation Desert Shield being enacted with an international coalition of military forces being built up on the Kuwaiti-Saudi border with demands for Iraq to peacefully withdraw from Kuwait. Also in this year, Nelson Mandela was released from prison, and Margaret Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after more than 11 years.

1990 was an important year in the Internet's early history. In the fall of 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created the first web server and the foundation for the World Wide Web. Test operations began around December 20 and it was released outside CERN the following year.[2] 1990 also saw the official decommissioning of the ARPANET, a forerunner of the Internet system and the introduction of the first content web search engine, Archie, on September 10.[3]

September 14, 1990 saw the first case of successful somatic gene therapy on a patient.[4]

Due to the early 1990s recession that began that year and uncertainty due to the collapse of the socialist governments in Eastern Europe, birth rates in many countries stopped rising or fell steeply in 1990. In most western countries the Echo Boom peaked in 1990; fertility rates declined thereafter.[5]

Encyclopædia Britannica, which ceased printing in 2012, saw its highest all time sales in 1990; 120,000 volumes were sold that year.[6] The number of librarians in the United States also peaked around 1990.[7]

Events

January

January 7: The Pisa tower closed.
January 29: Trial relating to Exxon Valdez.

February

March

April

April 1990 in Moscow

May

June

July

August

August 2: The Gulf War begins

September

October

October 3: The former flag of West Germany becomes the flag of all Germany.

November

November 22: Margaret Thatcher, the UK's first female Prime Minister, resigns after 11 years.

December

World population

World population
1990 1985 1995
World 5,263,593,000 4,830,979,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 432,614,000 +8.95 % 5,674,380,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 410,787,000 +7.80 %
Africa 622,443,000 541,718,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 80,629,000 +14.88 % 707,462,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 85,019,000 +13.66 %
Asia 3,167,807,000 2,887,552,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 280,255,000 +9.71 % 3,430,052,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 262,245,000 +8.28 %
Europe 721,582,000 706,009,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 15,573,000 +2.21 % 727,405,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 5,823,000 +0.81 %
Latin America 441,525,000 401,469,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 40,056,000 +9.98 % 481,099,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 39,574,000 +8.96 %
North America 283,549,000 269,456,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 14,093,000 +5.23 % 299,438,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 15,889,000 +5.60 %
Oceania 26,687,000 24,678,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 2,009,000 +8.14 % 28,924,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 2,237,000 +8.38 %
Other Languages
Afrikaans: 1990
Alemannisch: 1990
አማርኛ: 1990 እ.ኤ.አ.
Аҧсшәа: 1990
العربية: 1990
aragonés: 1990
arpetan: 1990
asturianu: 1990
Avañe'ẽ: 1990
авар: 1990 сон
Aymar aru: 1990
azərbaycanca: 1990
বাংলা: ১৯৯০
Banjar: 1990
Bân-lâm-gú: 1990 nî
Basa Banyumasan: 1990
башҡортса: 1990 йыл
беларуская: 1990
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1990
भोजपुरी: 1990
Bikol Central: 1990
български: 1990
Boarisch: 1990
bosanski: 1990.
brezhoneg: 1990
català: 1990
Чӑвашла: 1990
Cebuano: 1990
čeština: 1990
Chavacano de Zamboanga: 1990
Cymraeg: 1990
dansk: 1990
davvisámegiella: 1990
Deutsch: 1990
eesti: 1990
Ελληνικά: 1990
emiliàn e rumagnòl: 1990
эрзянь: 1990 ие
español: 1990
Esperanto: 1990
euskara: 1990
فارسی: ۱۹۹۰
Fiji Hindi: 1990
føroyskt: 1990
français: 1990
Frysk: 1990
furlan: 1990
Gaeilge: 1990
Gaelg: 1990
Gagauz: 1990
Gàidhlig: 1990
galego: 1990
ГӀалгӀай: 1990 шу
贛語: 1990年
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 1990-ngièn
хальмг: 1990 җил
한국어: 1990년
հայերեն: 1990
Արեւմտահայերէն: 1990 թուական
हिन्दी: १९९०
hornjoserbsce: 1990
hrvatski: 1990.
Ido: 1990
Ilokano: 1990
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মারি ১৯৯০
Bahasa Indonesia: 1990
interlingua: 1990
Ирон: 1990-æм аз
íslenska: 1990
italiano: 1990
עברית: 1990
Jawa: 1990
Kabɩyɛ: 1990
ಕನ್ನಡ: ೧೯೯೦
Kapampangan: 1990
къарачай-малкъар: 1990 джыл
ქართული: 1990
kaszëbsczi: 1990
қазақша: 1990 жыл
kernowek: 1990
Kiswahili: 1990
коми: 1990-ӧд во
Kreyòl ayisyen: 1990 (almanak gregoryen)
kurdî: 1990
Кыргызча: 1990
кырык мары: 1990 и
Latina: 1990
latviešu: 1990. gads
Lëtzebuergesch: 1990
лезги: 1990 йис
lietuvių: 1990 m.
Ligure: 1990
Limburgs: 1990
lingála: 1990
Livvinkarjala: 1990
la .lojban.: 1990moi
lumbaart: 1990
magyar: 1990
मैथिली: १९९०
македонски: 1990
Malagasy: 1990
മലയാളം: 1990
Māori: 1990
मराठी: इ.स. १९९०
მარგალური: 1990
مصرى: 1990
Bahasa Melayu: 1990
Minangkabau: 1990
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1990 nièng
мокшень: 1990
монгол: 1990 он
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ၁၉၉၀
Nāhuatl: 1990
Dorerin Naoero: 1990
Nederlands: 1990
Nedersaksies: 1990
नेपाली: सन् १९९०
नेपाल भाषा: सन् १९९०
日本語: 1990年
Napulitano: 1990
нохчийн: 1990 шо
Nordfriisk: 1990
norsk: 1990
norsk nynorsk: 1990
Nouormand: 1990
occitan: 1990
олык марий: 1990
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ୧୯୯୦
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1990
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: 1990
पालि: १९९०
پنجابی: 1990
Papiamentu: 1990
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ឆ្នាំ ១៩៩០
Tok Pisin: 1990
Plattdüütsch: 1990
polski: 1990
português: 1990
qırımtatarca: 1990
reo tahiti: 1990
Ripoarisch: Joohr 1990
română: 1990
Runa Simi: 1990
русиньскый: 1990
русский: 1990 год
саха тыла: 1990
sardu: 1990
Scots: 1990
Seeltersk: 1990
Sesotho sa Leboa: 1990
shqip: 1990
sicilianu: 1990
සිංහල: 1990
Simple English: 1990
سنڌي: 1990ع
slovenčina: 1990
slovenščina: 1990
ślůnski: 1990
Soomaaliga: 1990
کوردی: ١٩٩٠
српски / srpski: 1990
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1990
ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး : 1990
Sunda: 1990
suomi: 1990
svenska: 1990
Tagalog: 1990
தமிழ்: 1990
татарча/tatarça: 1990 ел
తెలుగు: 1990
tetun: 1990
ไทย: พ.ศ. 2533
тоҷикӣ: Соли 1990
Türkçe: 1990
Türkmençe: 1990
удмурт: 1990 ар
українська: 1990
اردو: 1990ء
vèneto: 1990
Tiếng Việt: 1990
Volapük: 1990
Võro: 1990
walon: 1990
West-Vlams: 1990
Winaray: 1990
吴语: 1990年
ייִדיש: 1990
Yorùbá: 1990
粵語: 1990年
Zazaki: 1990
Zeêuws: 1990
žemaitėška: 1990
中文: 1990年