1989

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1989 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita2742
Armenian calendar1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar6739
Bahá'í calendar145–146
Balinese saka calendar1910–1911
Bengali calendar1396
Berber calendar2939
British Regnal year37 Eliz. 2 – 38 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2533
Burmese calendar1351
Byzantine calendar7497–7498
Chinese calendar戊辰(Earth Dragon)
4685 or 4625
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar1705–1706
Discordian calendar3155
Ethiopian calendar1981–1982
Hebrew calendar5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat1910–1911
 - Kali Yuga5089–5090
Holocene calendar11989
Igbo calendar989–990
Iranian calendar1367–1368
Islamic calendar1409–1410
Japanese calendarShōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Javanese calendar1921–1922
Juche calendar78
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4322
Minguo calendarROC 78
民國78年
Nanakshahi calendar521
Thai solar calendar2532
Tibetan calendar阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
2115 or 1734 or 962
    — to —
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
Unix time599616000 – 631151999

1989 (MCMLXXXIX)was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential elections in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 which commanded the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.

F. W. de Klerk was elected in South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the Apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed ANC leader Nelson Mandela to power.

In contrast, the year saw the violent suppression of mass political protest in China, in June. The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 ended with a military crackdown resulting in the deaths of a number of protesters.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year,[1][2] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, starting the era of designer babies.[3]

1989 marked the beginning of the current Heisei period in Japan. It is also the latest year, when written in Roman numerals, to have an L.

Events

January

January 20: George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States

February

March

Mass demonstration at State TV HQ

April

The death of Hu Yaobang sparks the beginning of the Tiananmen Square protests.

May

June

People's Liberation Army were to drive away students in Tiananmen Square.

July

August

September

October

November

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution.

December

Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama.

Date unknown

Other Languages
Afrikaans: 1989
Alemannisch: 1989
አማርኛ: 1989 እ.ኤ.አ.
Аҧсшәа: 1989
العربية: 1989
aragonés: 1989
armãneashti: 1989
arpetan: 1989
asturianu: 1989
Avañe'ẽ: 1989
авар: 1989 сон
Aymar aru: 1989
azərbaycanca: 1989
বাংলা: ১৯৮৯
Bahasa Banjar: 1989
Bân-lâm-gú: 1989 nî
Basa Banyumasan: 1989
башҡортса: 1989 йыл
беларуская: 1989
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1989
भोजपुरी: 1989
Bikol Central: 1989
български: 1989
Boarisch: 1989
བོད་ཡིག: ༡༩༨༩
bosanski: 1989.
brezhoneg: 1989
català: 1989
Чӑвашла: 1989
Cebuano: 1989
čeština: 1989
Chavacano de Zamboanga: 1989
Cymraeg: 1989
dansk: 1989
davvisámegiella: 1989
Deutsch: 1989
ދިވެހިބަސް: 1989
eesti: 1989
Ελληνικά: 1989
emiliàn e rumagnòl: 1989
эрзянь: 1989 ие
español: 1989
Esperanto: 1989
euskara: 1989
فارسی: ۱۹۸۹
Fiji Hindi: 1989
føroyskt: 1989
français: 1989
Frysk: 1989
furlan: 1989
Gaeilge: 1989
Gaelg: 1989
Gagauz: 1989
Gàidhlig: 1989
galego: 1989
贛語: 1989年
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 1989-ngièn
хальмг: 1989 җил
한국어: 1989년
հայերեն: 1989
हिन्दी: १९८९
hornjoserbsce: 1989
hrvatski: 1989.
Ido: 1989
Ilokano: 1989
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মারি ১৯৮৯
Bahasa Indonesia: 1989
interlingua: 1989
Ирон: 1989-æм аз
isiZulu: 1989
íslenska: 1989
italiano: 1989
עברית: 1989
Basa Jawa: 1989
Kabɩyɛ: 1989
ಕನ್ನಡ: ೧೯೮೯
Kapampangan: 1989
къарачай-малкъар: 1989 джыл
ქართული: 1989
kaszëbsczi: 1989
қазақша: 1989 жыл
kernowek: 1989
Kiswahili: 1989
коми: 1989-ӧд во
Kreyòl ayisyen: 1989 (almanak gregoryen)
kurdî: 1989
Кыргызча: 1989
кырык мары: 1989 и
لۊری شومالی: 1989 زایئشتی
Latina: 1989
latviešu: 1989. gads
Lëtzebuergesch: 1989
лезги: 1989 йис
lietuvių: 1989 m.
Ligure: 1989
Limburgs: 1989
lingála: 1989
Livvinkarjala: 1989
la .lojban.: 1989moi
lumbaart: 1989
magyar: 1989
मैथिली: १९८९
македонски: 1989
Malagasy: 1989
മലയാളം: 1989
Māori: 1989
मराठी: इ.स. १९८९
მარგალური: 1989
مصرى: 1989
Bahasa Melayu: 1989
Baso Minangkabau: 1989
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1989 nièng
монгол: 1989 он
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ၁၉၈၉
Nāhuatl: 1989
Dorerin Naoero: 1989
Nederlands: 1989
Nedersaksies: 1989
नेपाली: सन् १९८९
नेपाल भाषा: सन् १९८९
日本語: 1989年
Napulitano: 1989
нохчийн: 1989 шо
Nordfriisk: 1989
norsk: 1989
norsk nynorsk: 1989
Nouormand: 1989
occitan: 1989
олык марий: 1989
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ୧୯୮୯
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1989
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: 1989
पालि: १९८९
پنجابی: 1989
Papiamentu: 1989
Piemontèis: 1989
Tok Pisin: 1989
Plattdüütsch: 1989
polski: 1989
português: 1989
qırımtatarca: 1989
reo tahiti: 1989
Ripoarisch: Joohr 1989
română: 1989
Runa Simi: 1989
русиньскый: 1989
русский: 1989 год
саха тыла: 1989 сыл
sardu: 1989
Scots: 1989
Seeltersk: 1989
Sesotho sa Leboa: 1989
shqip: 1989
sicilianu: 1989
සිංහල: 1989
Simple English: 1989
سنڌي: 1989ع
slovenčina: 1989
slovenščina: 1989
ślůnski: 1989
Soomaaliga: 1989
کوردی: ١٩٨٩
српски / srpski: 1989
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1989
Basa Sunda: 1989
suomi: 1989
svenska: 1989
Tagalog: 1989
தமிழ்: 1989
татарча/tatarça: 1989 ел
తెలుగు: 1989
tetun: 1989
ไทย: พ.ศ. 2532
тоҷикӣ: Соли 1989
Türkçe: 1989
Türkmençe: 1989
удмурт: 1989 ар
українська: 1989
اردو: 1989ء
vèneto: 1989
Tiếng Việt: 1989
Volapük: 1989
Võro: 1989
walon: 1989
West-Vlams: 1989
Winaray: 1989
吴语: 1989年
ייִדיש: 1989
Yorùbá: 1989
粵語: 1989年
Zazaki: 1989
Zeêuws: 1989
žemaitėška: 1989
中文: 1989年