1988 Summer Olympics

Games of the XXIV Olympiad
1988 Summer Olympics logo.svg
Host citySeoul, South Korea
MottoHarmony and Progress
(Korean: 화합과 전진)
Nations159
Athletes8,391 (6,197 men, 2,194 women)
Events237 in 23 sports (31 disciplines)
Opening17 September
Closing2 October
Opened byPresident Roh Tae-woo
CauldronSohn Kee-chung
Chung Sun-man
Kim Won-tak[1]
StadiumSeoul Olympic Stadium
Summer
Los Angeles 1984 Barcelona 1992
Winter
Calgary 1988 Albertville 1992

The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad (Korean: 서울 하계 올림픽; --夏季---; Seoul Hagye Ollimpik; [sʌ.ul ha.ɡje ol.lim.pʰik̚]), was an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. These games were the second Summer Olympic Games hosted in Asia, after the 1964 Summer Olympics were held in Tokyo, Japan. They were the second Olympic Games held in a developing country, after the 1968 games in Mexico City.

In the Seoul Games, 159 nations were represented by a total of 8,391 athletes: 6,197 men and 2,194 women. 237 events were held and 27,221 volunteers helped to prepare the Olympics. 11,331 media (4,978 written press and 6,353 broadcasters) showed the Games all over the world.[2]

These were the last Olympic Games for the Soviet Union and East Germany, as both ceased to exist before the next Olympic Games.

The games were boycotted by North Korea and its ally, Cuba. Ethiopia, Albania and the Seychelles did not respond to the invitations sent by the IOC.[3] Nicaragua did not participate due to athletic and financial considerations.[4] The participation of Madagascar had been expected, and their team was expected at the opening ceremony of 160 nations. However, the country withdrew because of financial reasons.[5] Nonetheless, the much larger boycotts seen in the previous three Summer Olympics (1976, 1980 and 1984) were avoided, resulting in the largest ever number of participating nations during the Cold War era.

Host city selection

Seoul was chosen to host the Summer Games through a vote held on 30 September 1981, finishing ahead of the Japanese city of Nagoya.[2][6] Below was the vote count that occurred at the 84th IOC Session and 11th Olympic Congress in Baden-Baden, West Germany.[7]

1988 Summer Olympics bidding result[8]
City Country (NOC) Round 1
Seoul  South Korea 52
Nagoya  Japan 27

After the Olympics were awarded, Seoul also received the opportunity to stage the 10th Asian Games in 1986, using them to test its preparation for the Olympics.

Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Сеул 1988
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Летнія Алімпійскія гульні 1988 году
Bahasa Indonesia: Olimpiade Musim Panas 1988
Кыргызча: Сеул 1988
Nāhuatl: Seul 1988
norsk nynorsk: Sommar-OL 1988
Simple English: 1988 Summer Olympics
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Olimpijada 1988