1976 Summer Olympics

Games of the XXI Olympiad
1976 Summer Olympics logo.svg
Host cityMontreal, Quebec, Canada
Nations92
Athletes6,084 (4,824 men, 1,260 women)
Events198 in 21 sports (27 disciplines)
OpeningJuly 17
ClosingAugust 1
Opened by
Cauldron
StadiumOlympic Stadium
Summer
Munich 1972 Moscow 1980
Winter
Innsbruck 1976 Lake Placid 1980

The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially called the Games of the XXI Olympiad (French: Les XXIes olympiques d'été), was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Canada, in 1976, and the first Olympic Games held in Canada.

Montreal was awarded the rights to the 1976 Games on May 12, 1970, at the 69th IOC Session in Amsterdam, over the bids of Moscow and Los Angeles. It was the first and, so far, only Summer Olympic Games to be held in Canada. Calgary and Vancouver later hosted the Winter Olympic Games in 1988 and 2010, respectively.

Twenty-nine countries, mostly African, boycotted the Montreal Games when the International Olympic Committee (IOC) refused to ban New Zealand, after the New Zealand national rugby union team had toured South Africa earlier in 1976 in defiance of the United Nations' calls for a sporting embargo.

Host city selection

The vote occurred on May 12, 1970, at the 69th IOC Session in Amsterdam, Netherlands. While Los Angeles and Moscow were viewed as the favourites given that they represented the world's two main powers, many of the smaller countries supported Montreal as an underdog and as a relatively neutral site for the games. Los Angeles was eliminated after the first round and Montreal won in the second round. Moscow would go on to host the 1980 Summer Olympics and Los Angeles the 1984 Summer Olympics. One blank vote was cast in the second and final round.[2][3][4]

Toronto had made its third attempt for the Olympics but failed to get the support of the Canadian Olympic Committee, which selected Montreal instead.[5]

1976 Summer Olympics bidding results[4]
City Country Round 1 Round 2
Montreal  Canada 25 41
Moscow  Soviet Union 28 28
Los Angeles  United States 17
Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Монреаль 1976
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Летнія Алімпійскія гульні 1976 году
Bahasa Indonesia: Olimpiade Musim Panas 1976
Кыргызча: Монреаль 1976
Nāhuatl: Montreal 1976
norsk nynorsk: Sommar-OL 1976
Simple English: 1976 Summer Olympics
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Olimpijada 1976