1964 United States presidential election

1964 United States presidential election

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All 538 electoral votes of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
Turnout61.9%[1] Decrease 0.9 pp
 Black and White 37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpgBarry Goldwater photo1962.jpg
NomineeLyndon B. JohnsonBarry Goldwater
PartyDemocraticRepublican
Home stateTexasArizona
Running mateHubert HumphreyWilliam E. Miller
Electoral vote48652
States carried44 + DC6
Popular vote43,127,04127,175,754
Percentage61.1%38.5%

1964 United States presidential election in California1964 United States presidential election in Oregon1964 United States presidential election in Washington (state)1964 United States presidential election in Idaho1964 United States presidential election in Nevada1964 United States presidential election in Utah1964 United States presidential election in Arizona1964 United States presidential election in Montana1964 United States presidential election in Wyoming1964 United States presidential election in Colorado1964 United States presidential election in New Mexico1964 United States presidential election in North Dakota1964 United States presidential election in South Dakota1964 United States presidential election in Nebraska1964 United States presidential election in Kansas1964 United States presidential election in Oklahoma1964 United States presidential election in Texas1964 United States presidential election in Minnesota1964 United States presidential election in Iowa1964 United States presidential election in Missouri1964 United States presidential election in Arkansas1964 United States presidential election in Louisiana1964 United States presidential election in Wisconsin1964 United States presidential election in Illinois1964 United States presidential election in Michigan1964 United States presidential election in Indiana1964 United States presidential election in Ohio1964 United States presidential election in Kentucky1964 United States presidential election in Tennessee1964 United States presidential election in Mississippi1964 United States presidential election in Alabama1964 United States presidential election in Georgia1964 United States presidential election in Florida1964 United States presidential election in South Carolina1964 United States presidential election in North Carolina1964 United States presidential election in Virginia1964 United States presidential election in West Virginia1964 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia1964 United States presidential election in Maryland1964 United States presidential election in Delaware1964 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1964 United States presidential election in New Jersey1964 United States presidential election in New York1964 United States presidential election in Connecticut1964 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1964 United States presidential election in Vermont1964 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1964 United States presidential election in Maine1964 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1964 United States presidential election in Hawaii1964 United States presidential election in Alaska1964 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia1964 United States presidential election in Maryland1964 United States presidential election in Delaware1964 United States presidential election in New Jersey1964 United States presidential election in Connecticut1964 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1964 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1964 United States presidential election in Vermont1964 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1964.svg
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Presidential election results map. Blue denotes those won by Johnson/Humphrey, red denotes states won by Goldwater/Miller. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.

President before election

Lyndon B. Johnson
Democratic

Elected President

Lyndon B. Johnson
Democratic

The 1964 United States presidential election was the 45th quadrennial American presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 3, 1964. Incumbent Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson defeated Barry Goldwater, the Republican nominee. With 61.1% of the popular vote, Johnson won the largest share of the popular vote of any candidate since the largely uncontested 1820 election.

Johnson took the office in November 1963 following the assassination of his predecessor, John F. Kennedy. He easily defeated a primary challenge by segregationist Governor George Wallace of Alabama to win nomination to a full term. At the 1964 Democratic National Convention, Johnson also won the nomination of his preferred running mate, Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota. Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, a leader of his party's conservative faction, defeated moderate Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York and Governor William Scranton of Pennsylvania at the 1964 Republican National Convention.

Johnson championed his passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and his campaign advocated a series of anti-poverty programs collectively known as the Great Society. Goldwater espoused a low-tax, small government philosophy, and opposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Democrats successfully portrayed Goldwater as a dangerous extremist, most famously in the "Daisy" television advertisement. The Republican Party was badly divided between its moderate and conservative factions, with Rockefeller and other moderate party leaders refusing to campaign for Goldwater. Johnson led by wide margins in all opinion polls conducted during the campaign.

Johnson carried 44 states and the District of Columbia, which voted for the first time in this election. Goldwater won his home state and swept the states of the Deep South, most of which had not voted for a Republican presidential candidate since the end of Reconstruction in 1877. Johnson's landslide victory coincided with the defeat of many conservative Republican Congressmen, and the subsequent 89th Congress would pass major legislation such as the Social Security Amendments of 1965 and the Voting Rights Act. Goldwater's unsuccessful bid significantly influenced the modern conservative movement and the long-time realignment within the Republican Party, which culminated in the 1980 presidential victory of Ronald Reagan.

Assassination of President John F. Kennedy

President and Mrs. Kennedy on the day of his assassination

While on the first campaign stop of his re-election campaign, President Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas. Supporters were shocked and saddened by the loss of the charismatic President, while opposition candidates were put in the awkward position of running against the policies of a slain political figure.[2]

During the following period of mourning, Republican leaders called for a political moratorium, so as not to appear disrespectful.[3] As such, little politicking was done by the candidates of either major party until January 1964, when the primary season officially began. At the time, most political pundits saw Kennedy's assassination as leaving the nation politically unsettled.[2]

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