1956 Summer Olympics

Games of the XVI Olympiad
1956 Summer Olympics logo.png
Host cityMelbourne, Australia
Nations72
Athletes3,314 (2,938 men, 376 women)
Events151 in 17 sports (23 disciplines)
Opening22 November
Closing8 December
Opened byThe Duke of Edinburgh
CauldronRon Clarke
StadiumMelbourne Cricket Ground
Summer
Helsinki 1952 Rome 1960
Winter
Cortina 1956 Squaw Valley 1960

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, from 22 November to 8 December 1956, with the exception of the equestrian events, which were held in Stockholm, Sweden, in June 1956.

These Games were the first to be staged in the Southern Hemisphere and Oceania, as well as the first to be held outside Europe and North America. Melbourne is the most southerly city ever to host the Olympics. Due to the Southern Hemisphere's seasons being different from those in the Northern Hemisphere, the 1956 Games did not take place at the usual time of year, because of the need to hold the events during the warmer weather of the host's spring/summer (which corresponds to the Northern Hemisphere's autumn/winter).

The Olympic equestrian events could not be held in Melbourne due to Australia's strict quarantine regulations, so they were held in Stockholm five months earlier. This was the second time that the Olympics were not held entirely in one country, the first being the 1920 Summer Olympics, which were held in Antwerp, Belgium, with some events taking place in Amsterdam and Ostend. Despite uncertainties and various complications encountered during the preparations, the 1956 Games went ahead in Melbourne as planned and turned out to be a success. The enduring tradition of national teams parading as one during the closing ceremony was started at these Olympics.

Host city selection

Melbourne was selected as the host city over bids from Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Montreal and six American cities on 28 April 1949, at the 43rd IOC Session in Rome, Italy.[1]

1956 Summer Olympics bidding results[2]
City Country Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
Melbourne  Australia 14 18 19 21
Buenos Aires  Argentina 9 12 13 20
Los Angeles  United States 5 4 5
Detroit  United States 2 4 4
Mexico City  Mexico 9 3
Chicago  United States 1
Minneapolis  United States 1
Philadelphia  United States 1
San Francisco  United States 0
Montreal  Canada 0
Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Мельбурн 1956
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Летнія Алімпійскія гульні 1956 году
Bahasa Indonesia: Olimpiade Musim Panas 1956
Кыргызча: Мельбурн 1956
Nāhuatl: Melbourne 1956
norsk nynorsk: Sommar-OL 1956
Simple English: 1956 Summer Olympics
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Olimpijada 1956