1956 Summer Olympics

Games of the XVI Olympiad
1956 Summer Olympics logo.png
Host cityMelbourne, Australia
Nations participating72
Athletes participating3,314
(2,938 men, 376 women)
Events151 in 17 sports
Opening ceremony22 November
Closing ceremony8 December
Officially opened byThe Duke of Edinburgh
Athlete's OathJohn Landy
Olympic TorchRon Clarke
StadiumMelbourne Cricket Ground
Summer
Helsinki 1952Rome 1960  >
Winter
Cortina 1956Squaw Valley 1960  >

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, in November–December 1956, apart from the equestrian events, which were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden. The 1956 Games were the first to be staged in the Southern Hemisphere and Oceania, as well as the first to be held outside Europe and North America. Melbourne is the southernmost city to host the games. Equestrian events could not be held in Australia due to quarantine regulations. This was the second Olympics not to be held entirely in one country, the first being the 1920 Summer Olympics, which Antwerp, Belgium, co-hosted with Amsterdam and Ostend.

Host city selection

Melbourne was selected as the host city over bids from Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Montreal and six American cities on 28 April 1949, at the 43rd IOC Session in Rome, Italy.[1]

1956 Summer Olympics bidding results[2]
City Country Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
Melbourne  Australia 14 18 19 21
Buenos Aires  Argentina 9 12 13 20
Los Angeles  United States 5 4 5
Detroit  United States 2 4 4
Mexico City  Mexico 9 3
Chicago  United States 1
Minneapolis  United States 1
Philadelphia  United States 1
San Francisco  United States 0
Montreal  Canada 0
Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Мельбурн 1956
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Летнія Алімпійскія гульні 1956 году
Bahasa Indonesia: Olimpiade Musim Panas 1956
Кыргызча: Мельбурн 1956
Nāhuatl: Melbourne 1956
norsk nynorsk: Sommar-OL 1956
Simple English: 1956 Summer Olympics
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Olimpijada 1956