1945

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita2698
Armenian calendar1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar6695
Bahá'í calendar101–102
Balinese saka calendar1866–1867
Bengali calendar1352
Berber calendar2895
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 10 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2489
Burmese calendar1307
Byzantine calendar7453–7454
Chinese calendar甲申(Wood Monkey)
4641 or 4581
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4642 or 4582
Coptic calendar1661–1662
Discordian calendar3111
Ethiopian calendar1937–1938
Hebrew calendar5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga5045–5046
Holocene calendar11945
Igbo calendar945–946
Iranian calendar1323–1324
Islamic calendar1364–1365
Japanese calendarShōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar1875–1876
Juche calendar34
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4278
Minguo calendarROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar477
Thai solar calendar2488
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
    — to —
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade.

Events

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

January 27: The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

February

The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin, February 4, 1945.
During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island, February 19, 1945.

March

April

The Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa, April 7, 1945.
Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide on April 30, 1945.

May

a black and white image of two Marines in their combat uniforms. One Marine is providing cover fire with his M1 Thompson submachinegun as the other with a Browning Automatic Rifle, prepares to break cover to move to a different position. There are bare sticks and rocks on the ground.
Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa, May 1945.

June

July

July 26 – Clement Attlee became British Prime Minister.

August

August 9: The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
September 2: Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

September

August 18: The surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China, 1945-09-18. (Memorial in Wuhan)

October

October 24: The United Nations is formed. This was its flag. The modern version is slightly retouched.
October 18: Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closed.

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

February

March

Blessed Marcel Callo

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

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  2. ^ "One day they simply weren't there any more..." (PDF). anne frank house. March 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
  3. ^ "Penicillin Pills May Replace Injection". The Milwaukee Sentinel. February 16, 1945. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
  4. ^ "SS General von Steuben [+1945]". WreckSite. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
  5. ^ "Guinness World Records Website". guinnessworldrecords.com.
  6. ^ Guinness Book of World Records. 2008. p. 137.
  7. ^ Year by Year – 1945. History International.
  8. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip, eds. (2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Baden-Baden: Nomos. p. 1678. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7.
  9. ^ Mayne, Alan James (1999). From Politics Past to Politics Future: An Integrated Analysis of Current and Emergent Paradigms. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-275-96151-0. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  10. ^ "1945". A WW2 Timeline. Worldwar-2.net. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  11. ^ Smythe, John (1967). Bolo Whistler: The Life of General Sir Lashmer Whistler. London: Muller.
  12. ^ Duncan, George R. "Massacres and Atrocities of World War II". Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  13. ^ "Central Europe Campaign – 522nd Field Artillery Battalion". Retrieved January 12, 2015. Jewish prisoners from the outer Dachau camps were marched to Dachau, and then 70 miles south. Many of the Jewish marchers weighed less than 80 pounds. Shivering in their tattered striped uniforms, the "skeletons" marched 10 to 15 hours a day, passing more than a dozen Bavarian towns. If they stopped or fell behind, the SS guards shot them and left their corpses along the road.
  14. ^ "Search Results". www.ushmm.org. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  15. ^ "Liberatione". Lib.usc.edu. May 4, 1945. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  16. ^ "Befrielsen 1945 – Tidslinje". Befrielsen1945.dk. January 2, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  17. ^ Waller, Derek (September 25, 2010). "U-Boats that Surrendered". u-boat.net. Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  18. ^ Milcic, Allen. "Croatian Axis Forces in WWII". Retrieved June 28, 2012.
  19. ^ Dizdar, Zdravko (December 2005). "Prilog istraživanju problema Bleiburga i križnih putova (u povodu 60. obljetnice)" [An addition to the research of the problem of Bleiburg and the Way of the Cross (dedicated to their 60th anniversary)]. The Review of Senj (in Croatian). Senj, Croatia: City Museum Senj; Senj Museum Society. 32 (1): 117–193. 0582-673X. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  20. ^ Bethell, Nicholas (1974). Bethell, Nicholas (1974). The Last Secret. London.
  21. ^ Palaich, Michael (1991). "Bleiburg Tragedy". Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  22. ^ a b c d e f "1945 - The Decision to Drop the Bomb". NuclearFiles. Archived from the original on April 6, 2010.
  23. ^ "Brief History (timeline)", AI Topics, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, retrieved August 24, 2016
  24. ^ "1945: Labour landslide buries Churchill". BBC News. April 5, 2005.
  25. ^ Pike, John. "The Soviet Army Offensive: Manchuria, 1945". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  26. ^ Angier, R. B.; Boothe, J. H.; Hutchings, B. L.; Mowat, J. H.; Semb, J.; Stokstad, E. L. R.; Subbarow, Y.; Waller, C. W.; Cosulich, D. B.; Fahrenbach, M. J.; Hultquist, M. E.; Kuh, E.; Northey, E. H.; Seeger, D. R.; Sickels, J. P.; Smith Jr, J. M. (1945). "Synthesis of a Compound Identical with the L. Casei Factor Isolated from Liver". Science. 102 (2644): 227–28. 1945Sci...102..227A. 10.1126/science.102.2644.227. 17778509.
  27. ^ Hoffbrand, A. V.; Weir, D. G. (2001). "The history of folic acid". British Journal of Haematology. 113 (3): 579–589. 10.1046/j.1365-2141.2001.02822.x. 11380441.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Jessup, John E. (1989). A Chronology of Conflict and Resolution, 1945-1985. New York: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-24308-5.
  29. ^ "Discovery of Promethium". Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review. 36 (1). 2003. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
  30. ^ "Plutarco Elías Calles" (in Spanish). Biografias y Vidas. Retrieved May 29, 2019.

Further reading

  • excerpt
  • International News Service, It Happened In 1945 The Essential Year Book (1946)
  • Keith Lowe. Savage Continent: Europe in the Aftermath of World War II (2012) excerpt and text search
  • McDannald, A. H. ed. The Americana Annual 1946 (1946) events of 1945 online; encyclopedia yearbook global coverage in 950pp
  • Walter Yust, ed. 10 Eventful Years, 1937 – 1946 Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1947, 4 vol., encyclopedia yearbook online
Other Languages
Afrikaans: 1945
Alemannisch: 1945
አማርኛ: 1945 እ.ኤ.አ.
Аҧсшәа: 1945
العربية: 1945
aragonés: 1945
Արեւմտահայերէն: 1945 թուական
arpetan: 1945
asturianu: 1945
Avañe'ẽ: 1945
авар: 1945
Aymar aru: 1945
azərbaycanca: 1945
Bali: 1945
বাংলা: ১৯৪৫
Banjar: 1945
Bân-lâm-gú: 1945 nî
Basa Banyumasan: 1945
башҡортса: 1945 йыл
беларуская: 1945
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1945
भोजपुरी: 1945
Bikol Central: 1945
български: 1945
Boarisch: 1945
bosanski: 1945.
brezhoneg: 1945
català: 1945
Чӑвашла: 1945
Cebuano: 1945
čeština: 1945
Cymraeg: 1945
dansk: 1945
davvisámegiella: 1945
Deutsch: 1945
dolnoserbski: 1945
eesti: 1945
Ελληνικά: 1945
emiliàn e rumagnòl: 1945
эрзянь: 1945 ие
español: 1945
Esperanto: 1945
estremeñu: 1945
euskara: 1945
فارسی: ۱۹۴۵
Fiji Hindi: 1945
føroyskt: 1945
français: 1945
Frysk: 1945
furlan: 1945
Gaeilge: 1945
Gaelg: 1945
Gagauz: 1945
Gàidhlig: 1945
galego: 1945
贛語: 1945年
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 1945-ngièn
хальмг: 1945 җил
한국어: 1945년
հայերեն: 1945
हिन्दी: १९४५
hornjoserbsce: 1945
hrvatski: 1945.
Ido: 1945
Ilokano: 1945
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মারি ১৯৪৫
Bahasa Indonesia: 1945
interlingua: 1945
Ирон: 1945-æм аз
íslenska: 1945
italiano: 1945
עברית: 1945
Jawa: 1945
Kabɩyɛ: 1945
ಕನ್ನಡ: ೧೯೪೫
Kapampangan: 1945
къарачай-малкъар: 1945 джыл
ქართული: 1945
kaszëbsczi: 1945
қазақша: 1945 жыл
kernowek: 1945
Kiswahili: 1945
коми: 1945-ӧд во
Kreyòl ayisyen: 1945 (almanak gregoryen)
kurdî: 1945
Кыргызча: 1945
кырык мары: 1945 и
Latina: 1945
latviešu: 1945. gads
Lëtzebuergesch: 1945
лезги: 1945 йис
lietuvių: 1945 m.
Ligure: 1945
Limburgs: 1945
lingála: 1945
Livvinkarjala: 1945
la .lojban.: 1945moi
lumbaart: 1945
magyar: 1945
मैथिली: १९४५
македонски: 1945
Malagasy: 1945
മലയാളം: 1945
Māori: 1945
मराठी: इ.स. १९४५
მარგალური: 1945
مصرى: 1945
Bahasa Melayu: 1945
Minangkabau: 1945
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1945 nièng
монгол: 1945 он
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ၁၉၄၅
Nāhuatl: 1945
Dorerin Naoero: 1945
Nederlands: 1945
Nedersaksies: 1945
नेपाली: सन् १९४५
नेपाल भाषा: ई सं १९४५
日本語: 1945年
Napulitano: 1945
нохчийн: 1945 шо
Nordfriisk: 1945
norsk: 1945
norsk nynorsk: 1945
Nouormand: 1945
Novial: 1945
occitan: 1945
олык марий: 1945
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ୧୯୪୫
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1945
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: 1945
पालि: १९४५
پنجابی: 1945
Papiamentu: 1945
Tok Pisin: 1945
Plattdüütsch: 1945
polski: 1945
português: 1945
Qaraqalpaqsha: 1945
qırımtatarca: 1945
reo tahiti: 1945
Ripoarisch: Joohr 1945
română: 1945
Runa Simi: 1945
русиньскый: 1945
русский: 1945 год
саха тыла: 1945 сыл
sardu: 1945
Scots: 1945
Seeltersk: 1945
Sesotho sa Leboa: 1945
shqip: 1945
sicilianu: 1945
සිංහල: 1945
Simple English: 1945
سنڌي: 1945ع
slovenčina: 1945
slovenščina: 1945
ślůnski: 1945
Soomaaliga: 1945
کوردی: ١٩٤٥
српски / srpski: 1945
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1945
Sunda: 1945
suomi: 1945
svenska: 1945
Tagalog: 1945
தமிழ்: 1945
татарча/tatarça: 1945 ел
ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး : 1945
తెలుగు: 1945
tetun: 1945
ไทย: พ.ศ. 2488
тоҷикӣ: Соли 1945
Türkçe: 1945
Türkmençe: 1945
удмурт: 1945 ар
українська: 1945
اردو: 1945ء
vèneto: 1945
Tiếng Việt: 1945
Volapük: 1945
Võro: 1945
walon: 1945
West-Vlams: 1945
Winaray: 1945
吴语: 1945年
ייִדיש: 1945
Yorùbá: 1945
粵語: 1945年
Zazaki: 1945
Zeêuws: 1945
žemaitėška: 1945
中文: 1945年