Wikimedia Commons has media related to . 1872 1872 ( )was a MDCCCLXXII leap year of the starting on Monday and a Gregorian calendar of the leap year starting on Saturday , the 1872nd year of the Julian calendar (CE) and Common Era (AD) designations, the 872nd year of the Anno Domini , the 72nd year of the 2nd millennium , and the 3rd year of the 19th century decade. As of the start of 1872, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. 1870s
– January 12 is crowned Emperor of Yohannes IV in Ethiopia , the first ruler crowned in that city in over 500 years. Axum
– The government of the United Kingdom buys a number of forts on the February 2 , from the Netherlands. Gold Coast 
– A great February 4 , and associated solar flare , makes northern lights visible as far south as Cuba. geomagnetic storm 
– February 13 , the most famous parade on Rex , parades for the first time in Mardi Gras for New Orleans . Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia
– February 17 priests Filipino , José Burgos and Mariano Gómez , collectively known as Jacinto Zamora , are executed in Bagumbayan Fields, Manila, Gomburza by the authorities of Philippines , on charges of New Spain arising from the subversion . 1872 Cavite mutiny
– The February 20 opens in New York City. Metropolitan Museum of Art
– February 21 , as predecessor of Tokyo Nichi Nichi Shimbun , first issued in Mainichi Shimbun , Tokyo . Japan February - Rangers Football Club are founded in Glasgow by brothers Moses and Peter McNeil, Peter Campbell and William McBeath.
– In the United States, March 1 (once dubbed "Colter's Hell" after Yellowstone National Park , of the John Colter ) is established as the world's first Lewis and Clark Expedition . national park
– Work begins on the March 11 Colliery in Seven Sisters , located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain. South Wales
– March 16 : In the first ever final of the 1872 FA Cup Final , the world's oldest FA Cup competition, defeat Wanderers F.C. 1–0 at Royal Engineers A.F.C. in The Oval , London. Kennington  – The 7.4–7.9 M March 26 w shakes Lone Pine earthquake , with a maximum eastern California of X ( Mercalli intensity Extreme); 27 people are killed and 56 injured.
– The April 21 begins in northern Spain. Don Third Carlist War (the Carlist pretender Carlos VII) appoints General Rada commander-in-chief in Spain, and calls for a general rising. Carlos, Duke of Madrid
– The magazine May is first published in the United States. Popular Science
– May 4 in Spain –
Battle of Oroquieta in Third Carlist War : 1,000 government troops (Moriones) easily defeat the much larger number of Carlists at Oroquieta. 50 Carlists are killed, and the Moriones take 700 prisoners, but Don Carlos escapes. Navarre
– May 10 becomes the first woman nominated for Victoria Woodhull , although she is a year too young to qualify and does not appear on the ballot. President of the United States
– The May 15 end after 17 years, with the conclusion of New Zealand Wars ; Maori spiritual leader Te Kooti's War Arikirangi Te Turuk crosses the Waikato River, and enters the territory of the Māori King Te Kooti , where he is granted asylum. Tāwhiao
– May play their first ever game on the public pitches of Rangers F.C. in Glasgow Green , a goalless draw against Callander. Scotland – June 14 are legalised in Canada. Trade unions 
October 1 The Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College begins its first academic session (the university is later renamed
). Virginia Tech The first case is reported in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, of the Great Epizootic of 1872 ( , or the "horse flu") which will substantially disrupt life in North America by mid-December. equine influenza
- University College Wales (later to become Aberystwyth University) begins its first academic session. October 16 
– The November 7 sets sail from New York; bound for Genoa, Italy. Mary Celeste
– November 9 : In Great Boston Fire of 1872 , Boston , a large fire begins to burn on Lincoln Street (the 2-day disaster destroys about 65 acres (0.26 km Massachusetts 2) of the city, 776 buildings, much of the financial district and causes US$60 million in damage).
– U.S. government geologist November 11 reveals the Clarence King in diamond hoax . Wyoming
(07:35) November 13 (probable date) – begins painting Claude Monet ( Impression, Sunrise Impression, soleil levant, the painting that will give a name to ) as viewed from his hotel room at Impressionism in France. Le Havre 
– The November 16 go on strike. London Metropolitan Police
– A November 27 display of meteor shower is seen over France. Andromedids
– The first international November 30 match to be recognised (retrospectively) by FIFA as "official" takes place at , Scotland; the result is Scotland 0-0 England. Hamilton Crescent  had already taken place in 1870, Earlier international football matches and in 1871 at again in 1872 , London. the Oval
– December 3 presents the first translation of the George Smith , to a meeting of the Epic of Gilgamesh in London. Society of Biblical Archaeology
– The now-crewless American ship December 4 is found (still seaworthy) by the British brig Mary Celeste Dei Gratia in the Atlantic.
– December 6 at Springwell Pit disaster , England: Eight coal miners fall to their death, when a winding chain snaps. Dawley
December 14 – December 21 : Challenger expedition sails from HMS Challenger (1858) , England on the 4-year scientific expedition that lays the foundation for the science of Portsmouth . oceanography
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