1769 papal conclave

Papal conclave
February–May 1769
Sede vacante.svg
Coat of arms during the vacancy of the Holy See
Dates and location
15 February – 19 May 1769
Apostolic Palace, Papal States
Key officials
DeanCarlo Alberto Guidobono Cavalchini
Sub-DeanFederico Marcello Lante
CamerlengoCarlo Rezzonico
ProtopriestGiacomo Oddi
ProtodeaconAlessandro Albani
Elected Pope
Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli
Name taken: Clement XIV
Clement XIV.jpg

The papal conclave of 1769 (15 February – 19 May), was convoked after the death of Pope Clement XIII. It elected as his successor Cardinal Lorenzo Ganganelli, who took the name Clement XIV.

Clement XIII (portrait by Anton Raphael Mengs)

Death of Clement XIII

Clement XIII died suddenly on 2 February 1769, a day before the date of the consistory that he had convoked to examine the demands for the general suppression of the Society of Jesus. The various courts under the House of Bourbon and the Kingdom of Portugal (under the House of Braganza) had exerted strong pressure on the Holy See to suppress this order through almost the whole of his pontificate. In 1759 Jesuits were expelled from Portugal and all its possessions, in 1764 from the Kingdom of France, in 1767 from Spain and in 1768 from the Kingdom of Naples, the Kingdom of Sicily and the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza. Clement XIII strongly defended the Society (e.g. in the bull Apostolicum pascendi in 1765), but without success. In January 1769 France and Naples seized the papal territories around Avignon, Benevento and Pontecorvo to force the pope to issue a decree for the suppression of the order. The sudden death of 75-year-old Clement XIII left this difficult decision to his successor.[1]

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