1250s

Millennium:2nd millennium
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The 1250s decade ran from January 1, 1250, to December 31, 1259.

Events and trends

The decade was perhaps most dominated by the Mongols, who under the leadership of Möngke Khan continued their rapid expansion throughout Asia both to the east and west of their home territories. The Mongols destroyed the Kingdom of Dali in Laos, and captured the Goryeo kingdom in Korea, Anatolia in Turkey, and the Islamic center of Baghdad, where tens or hundreds of thousands were killed as the city was burned to the ground. In Thailand the Lannathai kingdom was founded. In Japan, a new sect of Buddhism was formed, while in Korea the carving of Buddhist scriptures on 81,000 wooden blocks was completed.

Europe noted several important cultural milestones, including the completion of several important cathedrals and the beginning of construction of others, as well as the founding of the Collège de Sorbonne at the University of Paris. Significant political developments in Europe included the lack of a Holy Roman Emperor for most of the decade, further erosion of the power of the monarchy in England and Portugal, the end of the failed Seventh Crusade in Egypt, and the expulsion of the Jews from France and the Moors from Portugal. In religion, a papal bull authorized the use of torture in the Medieval Inquisition, and the Roman Catholic Church clarified the concept of purgatory. Several important modern cities, including Stockholm and Lviv, were founded in the 1250s.

One of the largest volcanic eruptions of the Holocene epoch is thought to have occurred circa January 1258, with ice cores pointing to a tropical location such as El Chichón, Mexico or possibly Quilotoa, Ecuador. The aftermath may have led to climatic anomalies in rainfall, effects on agriculture, as well as famine and epidemic disease across Europe.[1]

Other Languages
العربية: عقد 1250
aragonés: Anyos 1250
asturianu: Década del 1250
Bân-lâm-gú: 1250 nî-tāi
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1250-я
bosanski: 1250-e
Чӑвашла: 1250-мĕш çулсем
Cymraeg: 1250au
dansk: 1250'erne
Deutsch: 1250er
emiliàn e rumagnòl: An 1250
эрзянь: 1250 це иеть
español: Años 1250
Esperanto: 1250-aj jaroj
føroyskt: 1250-árini
français: Années 1250
Gaeilge: 1250í
Gàidhlig: 1250an
贛語: 1250年代
한국어: 1250년대
hrvatski: 1250-ih
Bahasa Indonesia: 1250-an
íslenska: 1251-1260
italiano: Anni 1250
Basa Jawa: 1250-an
ქართული: 1250-იანები
Kiswahili: Miaka ya 1250
македонски: 1250-ти
Bahasa Melayu: 1250-an
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1250 nièng-dâi
Nederlands: 1250-1259
日本語: 1250年代
Nouormand: Annaées 1250
олык марий: 1250 ийла
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1250-lar
português: Década de 1250
română: Anii 1250
Runa Simi: 1250 watakuna
русский: 1250-е годы
саха тыла: 1250-с
Sesotho sa Leboa: 1250s
shqip: Vitet 1250
sicilianu: 1250ini
Simple English: 1250s
slovenščina: 1250.
српски / srpski: 1250-е
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1250-e
Basa Sunda: 1250-an
suomi: 1250-luku
svenska: 1250-talet
татарча/tatarça: 1250-еллар
Türkmençe: 1250ýý
українська: 1250-ті
Tiếng Việt: Thập niên 1250
粵語: 1250年代
中文: 1250年代