0s

Millennium:1st millennium
Centuries:
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Eastern Hemisphere at the beginning of the 1st century AD

The 0s, covers the first nine years of the Anno Domini era, which began on January 1st, AD 1 and ended on December 31st, AD 9.

Events

By place

Roman Empire
Asia
Africa
Americas
  • Moxos ceases to be a significant religious area in South America (approximate date).
  • The Teotihuacan culture in Mesoamerica begins (approximate date).
  • The Olmec 2 phase of the Olmec civilization begins; San Lorenzo and La Venta grow in population.

By topic

Arts and sciences
Religion
  • Birth of Jesus, as assigned by Dionysius Exiguus in his anno Domini era according to at least one scholar.[1][2] However, most scholars think Dionysius placed the birth of Jesus in the previous year, 1 BC.[1][2] Furthermore, most modern scholars do not consider Dionysius' calculations authoritative, placing the event several years earlier (see Chronology of Jesus).[3]

By place

Roman Empire
Europe
Africa
  • Juba II of Mauretania joins Gaius Caesar in Armenia as a military advisor. It is during this period that he meets Glaphyra, a Cappadocian princess and the former wife of Alexandros of Judea, a brother of Herod Archelaus, ethnarch of Judea, and becomes enamoured of her.
Asia
  • Wang Mang begins a program of personal aggrandizement, restoring marquess titles to past imperial princes and introducing a pension system for retired officials. Restrictions are placed on the Emperor's mother, Consort Wei and members of the Wei Clan.
  • The first census is concluded in China after having begun the year before: final numbers show a population of nearly 60 million (59,594,978 people in slightly more than 12 million households). The census is one of the most accurate surveys in Chinese history.[4]
  • The Chinese census shows nearly one million people living in Vietnam.

By place

Roman Empire
Europe
East Asia
  • King Yuri of Goguryeo moves the capital from Jolbon Fortress to Gungnae City.
  • Wang Mang foils a plot by his son, Wang Yu, his brother-in-law, Lu Kuan, and the Wei clan to oust him from the regent's position. Wang Yu and Lu Kuan are killed in the purge that follows.

By place

Roman Empire
Middle East
Korea
China

By topic

Arts and sciences

By place

Roman Empire

By place

Roman Empire
China
  • January – Some Chinese fear for the life of the young, ailing Emperor Ping Di as the planet Mars disappears behind the moon this month.[6]
  • February 3 – The boy emperor, Ping Di, dies of unexpected causes at age 14; Wang Mang alone selects the new emperor, the Ruzi Ying, age 2,[6] starting the Jushe era of the Han dynasty.
  • Candidates for government office must take civil-service examinations.
  • The imperial Liu clan suspect the intentions of Wang Mang and foment agrarian rebellions during the course of Ruzi Ying's reign. The first of these is led by Liu Chong, Marquess of Ang-Zong (a/k/a Marquis of An-chung), with a small force starting in May or June.[6]

By place

Roman Empire
Asia
  • Vonones I becomes ruler of Parthia.
  • Zhai Yi, Governor of the Commandery of Dong (modern Puyang, Henan) declares Liu Zin, Marquess of Yang Xiang (modern Tai'an, Shandong), emperor. This proves to be the largest of the rebellions against Emperor Ruzi of Han.
  • Wang Mang puts down the rebellion during the winter. The Zhai is captured and executed while Liu Xin escapes.

By place

Roman Empire
Europe
Middle East
Asia
  • Start of Chushi era of the Chinese Han dynasty.
  • In China, Wang Mang crushes a rebellion by Chai I, and on the winter solstice (which has been dated January 10 of the following year) officially assumes the title emperor, establishing the short-lived Xin dynasty.[6]

By topic

Arts
  • After completing Metamorphoses, Ovid begins the Fasti (Festivals), 6 books that detail the first 6 months of the year and provide valuable insights into the Roman Calendar.

By place

China
  • January 10Wang Mang founds the short-lived Xin dynasty in China (until AD 25). Wang Mang names his wife Empress Wang (Xin dynasty) and his son Wang Lin Crown Prince and heir to the throne.
  • Empress Wang is given the title of Duchess Dowager of Ding'an, while Ruzi Ying, the former Emperor of Han, becomes the Duke of Ding'an. Ruzi Ying is placed under house arrest.
  • Lui Kuai, Marquess of Zuziang, attacks the Dukedom of Fuchong under his brother Liu Ying. Lui Kuai is defeated and killed in the ensuing battle.
Roman Empire

By topic

Literature
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