İskenderun

İskenderun
City
Promenade of İskenderun
Promenade of İskenderun
İskenderun is located in Turkey
İskenderun
İskenderun
Location of İskenderun within Turkey
Coordinates: 36°34′54″N 36°09′54″E / 36°34′54″N 36°09′54″E / 36.5817; 36.1650
Country Turkey
Region Mediterranean
Province Hatay
Government
 • Mayor Seyfi Dingil ( AKP)
Area [1]
 • District 636.75 km2 (245.85 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2012) [2]
 •  Urban 184,833
 • District 318,780
Time zone EET ( UTC+2)
 • Summer ( DST) EEST ( UTC+3)
Postal code 31
Area code(s) (0)326
Licence plate 31
Website www.iskenderun.bel.tr

İskenderun ( Arabic: الإسكندرونة‎, Greek: Αλεξανδρέττα "Little Alexandria"), historically known as Alexandretta and Scanderoon[ dubious ], is a city and the largest district in Hatay Province on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.

Names

The city was founded as Alexandria (Αλεξάνδρεια) and named for Alexander the Great.

Starting in the Middle Ages, Western pilgrims used the diminutive Romance form Alexandretta. [3]

After the Muslim conquest of Syria, it was named al-ʼIskandarūn ( Arabic الإسكندرون), the Arabic rendering of the original "Alexandrou"; this name was further turkified into Ottoman Turkish as İskenderūn (إسكندرون), which in turn was preserved in its current modern Turkish form as İskenderun.

Other Languages
العربية: إسكندرونة
تۆرکجه: اسکندرون
Bân-lâm-gú: İskenderun
беларуская: Іскендэрун
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Іскендэрун
български: Искендерун
brezhoneg: İskenderun
català: İskenderun
čeština: İskenderun
Deutsch: İskenderun
Ελληνικά: Αλεξανδρέττα
español: Alejandreta
Esperanto: İskenderun
euskara: İskenderun
فارسی: اسکندرون
français: Alexandrette
Gagauz: İskenderun
galego: Iskenderun
한국어: 이스켄데룬
Bahasa Indonesia: İskenderun
italiano: Alessandretta
עברית: איסכנדרון
ქართული: ისქენდერუნი
қазақша: Искендерун
Kiswahili: İskenderun
Kurdî: Îskenderûn
кырык мары: Искендерун
لۊری شومالی: اسکندرون
lietuvių: Iskenderunas
lumbaart: Lissandretta
magyar: İskenderun
Bahasa Melayu: İskenderun
Baso Minangkabau: İskenderun
Nederlands: İskenderun (stad)
norsk nynorsk: İskenderun
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Iskandarun (shahar)
پنجابی: اسکندرون
polski: İskenderun
português: İskenderun
română: İskenderun
русский: Искендерун
српски / srpski: Искендерун
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: İskenderun
svenska: İskenderun
Türkçe: İskenderun
українська: Іскендерун
Tiếng Việt: İskenderun
Winaray: İskenderun