Óscar Carmona

His Excellency
Óscar Carmona
BTO ComC GCA ComSE
ÓscarCarmona(official).jpg
Óscar Carmona by Henrique Medina
11th President of Portugal
In office
29 November 1926 – 18 April 1951
Prime MinisterJosé Vicente de Freitas
Artur Ivens Ferraz
Domingos Oliveira
António de Oliveira Salazar
Preceded byManuel Gomes da Costa
Succeeded byFrancisco Craveiro Lopes
96th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
9 July 1926 – 18 April 1928
DeputyAbílio Passos e Sousa
Preceded byManuel Gomes da Costa
Succeeded byJosé Vicente de Freitas
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
4 September 1926 – 24 September 1926
Preceded byBettencourt Rodrigues
Succeeded byBettencourt Rodrigues
In office
3 June 1926 – 6 July 1926
Prime MinisterJosé Mendes Cabeçadas
Manuel Gomes da Costa
Preceded byArmando da Gama Ochoa
Succeeded byMartinho Nobre de Melo
Minister of War
In office
9 July 1926 – 16 November 1926
Preceded byManuel Gomes da Costa
Succeeded byAbílio Passos e Sousa
In office
15 November 1923 – 18 December 1923
Prime MinisterAntónio Ginestal Machado
Preceded byAntónio Maria da Silva
Succeeded byAntónio Ribeiro de Carvalho
Personal details
BornAntónio Óscar Fragoso Carmona
(1869-11-24)24 November 1869
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Died18 April 1951(1951-04-18) (aged 81)
Lisbon, Portuguese Republic
Political partyIndependent (before 1932) National Union (1932–1951)
Spouse(s)Maria do Carmo da Silva
ChildrenCesaltina Amélia
António Adérito
Maria Inês
Alma materPortuguese Military Academy
ProfessionArmy officer
AwardsOrder of Christ
Order of Aviz
Order of St. James of the Sword
Military service
AllegianceKingdom of Portugal  Portugal
Service/branch Portuguese Army
Years of service1889–1951
RankMarshal
CommandsPortuguese Army 4th Division (1922–1925)

António Óscar Fragoso Carmona, BTO, ComC, GCA, ComSE, (often called António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona, Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔniu ˈɔʃkaɾ fɾɐˈɡozu kaɾˈmonɐ]; 24 November 1869 – 18 April 1951) was the 96th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11th President of Portugal (1926–1951), having been Minister of War in 1923.

Political origin

Carmona was a republican and a freemason, and was a quick adherent to the proclamation of the Portuguese First Republic on 5 October 1910. He was, however, never a sympathizer of the democratic form of government and – as he would later confess in an interview to António Ferro – he only voted for the first time at the National Plebiscite of 1933. During the First Republic, he briefly served as War Minister in the government of António Ginestal Machado in 1923. Unlike the popular marshal Gomes da Costa, Carmona had not seen action in World War I.

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