Óscar Carmona

His Excellency
Óscar Carmona
Óscar Carmona by Henrique Medina
11th President of Portugal
In office
29 November 1926 – 18 April 1951
Prime Minister José Vicente de Freitas
Artur Ivens Ferraz
Domingos Oliveira
António de Oliveira Salazar
Preceded by Manuel Gomes da Costa
Succeeded by Francisco Craveiro Lopes
96th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
9 July 1926 – 18 April 1928
Deputy Abílio Passos e Sousa
Preceded by Manuel Gomes da Costa
Succeeded by José Vicente de Freitas
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
4 September 1926 – 24 September 1926
Preceded by Bettencourt Rodrigues
Succeeded by Bettencourt Rodrigues
In office
3 June 1926 – 6 July 1926
Prime Minister José Mendes Cabeçadas
Manuel Gomes da Costa
Preceded by Armando da Gama Ochoa
Succeeded by Martinho Nobre de Melo
Minister of War
In office
9 July 1926 – 16 November 1926
Preceded by Manuel Gomes da Costa
Succeeded by Abílio Passos e Sousa
In office
15 November 1923 – 18 December 1923
Prime Minister António Ginestal Machado
Preceded by António Maria da Silva
Succeeded by António Ribeiro de Carvalho
Personal details
Born António Óscar Fragoso Carmona
(1869-11-24)24 November 1869
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 18 April 1951(1951-04-18) (aged 81)
Lisbon, Portuguese Republic
Political party Independent (before 1932) National Union (1932–1951)
Spouse(s) Maria do Carmo da Silva
Children Cesaltina Amélia
António Adérito
Maria Inês
Alma mater Portuguese Military Academy
Profession Army officer
Awards Order of Christ
Order of Aviz
Order of St. James of the Sword
Military service
Allegiance Kingdom of Portugal   Portugal
Service/branch   Portuguese Army
Years of service 1889–1951
Rank Marshal
Commands Portuguese Army 4th Division (1922–1925)

António Óscar Fragoso Carmona, BTO, ComC, GCA, ComSE, (often called António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona, Portuguese pronunciation:  [ɐ̃ˈtɔniu ˈɔʃkaɾ fɾɐˈɡozu kaɾˈmonɐ]; 24 November 1869 – 18 April 1951) was the 96th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11th President of Portugal (1926–1951), having been Minister of War in 1923.

Political origin

Carmona was a republican and a freemason, and was a quick adherent to the proclamation of the Portuguese First Republic on 5 October 1910. He was, however, never a sympathizer of the democratic form of government and – as he would later confess in an interview to António Ferro – he only voted for the first time at the National Plebiscite of 1933. During the First Republic, he briefly served as War Minister in the government of António Ginestal Machado in 1923. Unlike the popular marshal Gomes da Costa, Carmona had not seen action in World War I.

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