Île-de-France

Île-de-France
Skyline of Île-de-France
Country France
PrefectureParis
Departments
Government
 • President of the Regional CouncilValérie Pécresse (LR)
Area
 • Total12,012 km2 (4,638 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)(INSEE)
 • Total12,140,526
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Francilians
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-IDF
GDP (2017)[1]Ranked 1st
Total€709 billion (US$808 bn)
Per capita€58,300 (US$66,400)
ÎledeFrance.fr

Île-de-France (ə-/; French: [il də fʁɑ̃s] (About this soundlisten), literally "Island of France"), often called the région parisienne ("Paris Region") due to containing the city of Paris, is north-central and the most populous of the 18 regions of France. It covers 12,012 square kilometres (4,638 square miles), or two percent of the national territory, and has official estimated population of 12,213,364 as of January 1, 2019, or 18.2% of the population of France.[2] The region accounts for nearly 30 percent of the French Gross Domestic Product (GDP). [3]

The region is made up of eight administrative departments: Paris, Essonne, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, Seine-et-Marne, Val-de-Marne, Val-d'Oise and Yvelines. It was created as the "District of the Paris Region" in 1961 and renamed in 1976 after the historic province of Île-de-France, when its status was aligned with the other French administrative regions created in 1972. Residents are sometimes referred to as Franciliens, an administrative word created in the 1980s.

The GDP of the region in 2016 was €681 billion (or $850 billion USD at market exchange rates). It has the highest per-capita GDP among regions in France and the third-highest of regions in the European Union. In 2018, almost all of the twenty-eight French companies listed in the Fortune Global 500 had their headquarters in the Paris Region.[4]

Besides the landmarks of Paris, the region has many important historic sites, including the Palace of Versailles and the Palace of Fontainebleau, as well as the most-visited tourist attraction in France, Disneyland Paris.

The poverty rate in Ile-de-France was 15.9% in 2015, compared with 12.3% in 2006. The region is also increasingly unequal. Housing prices have pushed the less affluent outside Paris.[5]

Etymology

Although the modern name Île-de-France literally means "Island of France", the etymology is in fact unclear. The "island" may refer to the land between the rivers Oise, Marne and Seine, or it may also have been a reference to the Île de la Cité, where the French royal palace and cathedral were located.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Île-de-France
Alemannisch: Île-de-France
العربية: إيل دو فرانس
aragonés: Isla de Francia
arpetan: Ila-de-France
asturianu: Islla de Francia
azərbaycanca: İl-de-Frans
Bân-lâm-gú: Île-de-France
беларуская: Іль-дэ-Франс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Іль-дэ-Франс
български: Ил дьо Франс
bosanski: Île-de-France
čeština: Île-de-France
davvisámegiella: Île-de-France
Ελληνικά: Ιλ-ντε-Φρανς
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Îsla ed Franza
Esperanto: Francilio
français: Île-de-France
Gàidhlig: Île-de-France
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Île-de-France
한국어: 일드프랑스
hrvatski: Île-de-France
Bahasa Indonesia: Île-de-France (region)
Interlingue: Île-de-France
íslenska: Île-de-France
italiano: Île-de-France
Kiswahili: Île-de-France
لۊری شومالی: ایل دو فرانس
latviešu: Ildefransa
Lëtzebuergesch: Île-de-France
lietuvių: Il de Fransas
Limburgs: Île-de-France
lumbaart: Île-de-France
македонски: Ил де Франс
Malagasy: Île-de-France
მარგალური: ილ-დე ფრანსი
Bahasa Melayu: Île-de-France
Nederlands: Île-de-France
нохчийн: Иль-де-Франс
Nordfriisk: Île-de-France
norsk nynorsk: Île-de-France
Nouormand: Île-dé-Fraunce
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Il-de-frans
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਈਲ-ਡ-ਫ਼ਰਾਂਸ
پنجابی: ال ڈ فغاس
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អ៊ីលដឺហ្រ្វែន
Piemontèis: Ìsola ëd Fransa
português: Ilha de França
română: Île-de-France
Runa Simi: Île-de-France
русский: Иль-де-Франс
sicilianu: Île-de-France
Simple English: Île-de-France
slovenščina: Île-de-France
српски / srpski: Ил де Франс
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Île-de-France
Taqbaylit: Île-de-France
татарча/tatarça: Иль-де-Франс
українська: Іль-де-Франс
Tiếng Việt: Île-de-France
West-Vlams: Île-de-France
粵語: 法蘭西島