Évry, Essonne

Évry
Prefecture and commune
Coat of arms of Évry
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Coordinates: 48°37′26″N 2°25′47″E / 48°37′26″N 2°25′47″E / 48.6238; 2.4296
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentEssonne
ArrondissementÉvry
CantonÉvry
IntercommunalityCA Grand Paris Sud Seine-Essonne-Sénart
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Francis Chouat (PS)
Area18.33 km2 (3.22 sq mi)
Population (2005[1])251,900
 • Density6,200/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code91228 /91000
Elevation32–95 m (105–312 ft)
(avg. 53 m or 174 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Évry (French pronunciation: ​[evʁi]) is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France, prefecture of the department of Essonne.

It is located 25.0 km (15.5 mi) from the center of Paris, in the "new town" of Évry Ville Nouvelle, created in the 1960s, of which it is the central and most populated commune.

Significant nearby communes include Courcouronnes, Corbeil-Essonnes, Ris-Orangis, Brétigny-sur-Orge, and Draveil.

Name

Originally the commune was called Évry-sur-Seine (meaning "Évry upon Seine"). The name "Évry" comes from the Gallic name Eburacon or Eburiacos, meaning "land of Eburos" (a Gallic patronym), perhaps the leader of a Gallic tribe in the area before the conquest of Gaul by the Romans. After the conquest, the name was corrupted into Latin Apriacum, then Medieval Latin Avriacum, and later Evriacum.

In 1881 the name of the commune was changed into Évry-Petit-Bourg at the request of entrepreneur Paul Decauville, owner of Ateliers de Petit-Bourg, a large boiler works located in Évry and at the time the largest employer in the area. The factory owed its name to the hamlet of Petit-Bourg (one of the three hamlets on the territory of Évry) where it was built.

On 29 June 1965 the name of the commune was shortened into "Évry" only. Évry had just been chosen to become a "new town" of the suburbs of Paris, destined to host tens of thousands of suburbanites, and so the name "Petit-Bourg" (literally meaning "little borough, small town" in modern French, although etymologists think that this name was in fact the corruption of an old Gallic word with a totally different meaning) was deemed too old fashioned and improper for the new large suburban city of Évry to be built.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Évry
العربية: إيفري (مدينة)
aragonés: Évry (Essonne)
Bân-lâm-gú: Évry (Essonne)
brezhoneg: Évry
čeština: Évry (Essonne)
Cymraeg: Évry
dansk: Évry
Deutsch: Évry
español: Évry (Essonne)
Esperanto: Évry (Essonne)
français: Évry
Bahasa Indonesia: Évry, Essonne
Interlingue: Évry
italiano: Évry
Kiswahili: Évry, Essonne
Latina: Avriacum
مازِرونی: اوری، اسون
Bahasa Melayu: Évry, Essonne
Nederlands: Évry (Essonne)
日本語: エヴリー
norsk nynorsk: Évry
occitan: Évry
Piemontèis: Évry (Essonne)
português: Évry (Essonne)
română: Évry, Essonne
русский: Эври
Simple English: Évry, Essonne
slovenčina: Évry (Essonne)
slovenščina: Évry
српски / srpski: Еври
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Évry
suomi: Évry
татарча/tatarça: Эври
Türkçe: Évry, Essonne
українська: Еврі (Ессонн)
Tiếng Việt: Évry, Essonne
Volapük: Évry (Essonne)